Updated May 2017
Transitions from Athletic Careers
Topics covered include:
- Career transition and transferable skills;
- Employment expectations for injured athletes;
- Mental health issues in transition;
- Early second career planning;
- Career transition training for athletes;
- Effects of elite sports participation on later job success;
- Financial considerations in career choice;
- Identity and life satisfaction;
- and more.
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Bernes, K., McKnight, K.M., Gunn, T., Chorney, D., Orr, D.T., Bardick, A.D. (2009). Life After Sport: Athletic Career Transition and Transferable Skills. Lethbridge University.
Cain, A. (2016). Here’s what 19 Olympic legends went to do after retiring from sports. Business Insider.
Carvalho, P., Neto, J.O., (2009). Career/Life Transition – A Phenomenological Approach To Prisoners. 19th Conference of the European Association for Sport Management.
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Cosh, S., Crabb, S., Tully, P.A. (2015). A champion out of the pool? A discursive exploration of two Australian Olympic swimmers’ transition from elite sport to retirement. Psychology of Sport & Exercise. 19:33-41.
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Dewenter, R., Giessing, L. (2-15). The Effects of Elite Sports Participation on Later Job Success. Dusseldorf Institute for Competition Economics.
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Gledhill, A., Harwood, C. (2015). A holistic perspective on career development in UK female soccer players: A negative case analysis. Psychology of Sport and Exercise Volume 21, Pages 65-77.
Guzman, G. (2015). Navigating the Transition after an Athletics Career. The FEED.
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Haime, J. (2016). Beyond the Game – What’s Next? HockeyShot.
Haime, J. (2015). What’s Next – A perspective of Athlete Identity. John Haime.
Hart, G. (2017). Moving Past the Fears of Life After Rugby. The Good Life.
Holstein, J.A., Jones, R.S., and Koone, Jr. G.E. (2014 ). Is There Life After Football? NYU Press.
Hook, L.L. (2010). Athletic Identity, Vocational Identity, and Occupational Engagement in College Student-Athletes and Non-Athletes. Thesis, University of Kansas.
Hughes, C.J. (2010). After Sports Careers, Vying in the Real Estate Arena. The New York Times.
Ivey, (2015). Ivey brings career management expertise to Canadian Olympic athletes. news@ivey.
Jodai, K. and Nogawa, H. (2011). A study on professional athlete career transition: an overview of the literature. Football Science Vol. 9, 50-61.
Johnson, T. (2016). The End of Your Athletic Career is a New Beginning. NCSA.
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Littlefield, B. (2015). Preparing for Life After Sports. Onlyt A Game.
Loberg, L.A. (2009). In that Instant it Was Over: The Athlete’s Experience of a Career-Ending Injury. University of Tennessee.
Locher, J.M. (2016). Factors Impacting the Retirement Experience of Professional Football Players. Thesis, Vanderbilt University.
Lofton, S.S. (2014). Career transition training for athletes. Thesis, California State University – Northridge.
Martin, L.A., Fogarty, G.J., & Albion, M.J. (2014). Changes in athletic identity and life satisfaction of elite athletes as a function of retirement status. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 26 (1), 96-110.
Mason, E. (2017). Athlete transition: a complex and developing area. Sports Shorts.
McArdle, S., Moore, P., Lyons, D. (2014). Olympic Athletes’ Experiences of a Post Games Transition Program. Sport Psychologist. 28(3): 269-278.
McCoy, L. (2014). What happens when you don’t make the NHL? A Qualitative Investigation of the Experiences of Retired Major Junior Hockey Players. ContactPoint.
McKenna, S., Richardson, J. (2017). Game Over: How Professional Athletes Can Have A Career After Sport. Good Sports.
McKnight, K., Bernes, K., Gunn, T., Chorney, D., Orr, D., and Bardick, A. (2009). Life After Sport: Athletic Career Transition and Transferable Skills. Journal of Excellence. Issue No. 13
McKnight, K. (2007). Athletic Career Transition and Transferable Skills. Thesis, University of Lethbridge.
Menke, D. Student-Athletes in Transition: Applying the Schlossberg Model. Academic Advising Today.
Miller, E. (2013). Life After Hockey: A Look into Post NHL Careers. The Hockey Writers.
Neidigh, L. (2016). Swimmer finds new challenges after competative athletic career ends. Natio Outsports.
Nicoll, R. (2015). The ballet dancers growing older gracefully. The Guardian.
Nunziato, V. (2016). LEAPing into Career ans Life Transitions. The Dance Current.
Owens, J. (2015). The Downhill Challenge Continues. Jenny Owens
Owens, J. (2015). Ski Racer (Aus) Cross Over. Crossing the line: Supporting Athletes.
Pankey, R. (2009). Disengagement from Organized Sports. Texas State University.
Parham, D. (2016). Life After Sports: A Letter to Current, Former and Future Student Athletes. African Black Coalition.
Park, S., Lavallee, D. (2015). Roles and Influences of Olympic athletes’ entourages in athletes’ preparationj for career transition out of sport. Sport & Exercise Psychology Review. 11(1): 3-19.
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Rhoden, W.C. (2012). End of the First Act is Easier to Bear if there is a Second. The New York Times.
Ricks, K. (2017). The Journey. Word Press.
Riddix, M. (2010). For Athletes, Is There Life After Sports. Investopedia.
Riley, R. (2015 ). Influence of Student Engagement on the Career Transition of Division 1 Football Student Athletes. Theses and Dissertations- Kinesiology and Health Promotion. Paper 25.
Rogers, K. (2013). Why Athletes Need to Start Planning Now for their Second Career. Fox Business.
Roworth, S. (2017 ). Entering the work force: The tough transition from a life as an athlete. The Globe and Mail.
Sager, I. (2007). Life After Sports. Bloomberg Business.
Sambrotto, A. (2017). Alumni Rewind: Bryan Scott’s remarkable transition from athlete to entrepreneur. Buffalo Bills.
Samuels, K. (2013). Careers After Competing? FEI Sports Forum.
Schneider, E., Cooper, C. (2013). After Final Whistle, Former College Athletes Face Relief, Depression. HELIX.
Senecal, G. (2017). Solidarity and camaraderie – A psychosocial examination of contact sport athletes’ career transitions. Cogent Business & Management, 4:1280897.
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Shulkin, J. (2015). The Reason Ex-Athletes Can’t Move Past Their Sport. Huffington Post.
SIRC (2015). Adjusting to Life After Sport – Easing the path for athletes in transition. SIRC.
Siripipat, P. (2016). Moving on from sports: A college athlete’s greatest challenge. ESPN
Smith, E. (2011). The Transition From College Athletes To A Post-Athletic Life. Research Papers. Paper 111.
Smith, J. L. and McMannus, A. (2008). A Review on Transitional Implications for Retiring Elite Athletes: What Happens When the Spotlight Dims. The Open Sports Science Journal, 1, 45-49.
Stambulova, N. (2017). Crisis-transitions in athletes: current emphases on cognitive and contextual factors. Current Opinion in Psychology. Volume 16, Pages 62-66.
Stambulova, N., Alfermann, D., Statler, T., and Coté, J. (2009). ISSP Positions Stand: Career development and Transitions of Athletes. USEP.
Stoltenburg, A.L., Kamphoff, C.S., & Lindstrom Bremer, K. (2005) ) Transitioning Out of Sport: The Psychological Effects of Collegiate Athletes’ Career-Ending Injuries. Athletic Insight – The Online Journal of Sport Psychology.
Stickland, A. (2016). After the Olympics: The next paths for elite athletes. CNN.
Sunghee, P., Lavallee, D., Tod, D. (2013 ). A conceptual model of the athlete retirement decision-making process. International Journal of Sport Psychology. 44(5): 409-428.
Suptu, F. (2012). Athletic Career Transition: A Qualitative Inquiry into Ex-Athletes’s Experiences of the Sports System in Singapore. Thesis, University of Jyvaskyla.
Suutarinen, E. (2014 ). Employment of the Professional Athletes After retirement. Thesis, Turku University of Applied Sciences.
Taylor, j., Ogilvie, B.C., & Lavallee, D. (2005). Career transition among athletes: is there life after sports? In: Williams, J.M. (ed.). Applied sport psychology: Personal growth to peak performance. 5th ed. Columbus, OH (USA): McGraw Hill. Pp. 595-615.
Tekavc, J., Wylleman, P., Cecic Erpic, S. (2015). Perceptions of dual career development among elite level swimmers and basketball players. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. Volume 21, Pages 27-41.
Thompson, M. (2016). A Life Beyond Sports: What to Expect When Your Career Ends. News Blaze.
Tirard, A. (2015). Why Your Next Hire Should Be an Athlete. INSEAD
Torregrosa, M. (2015). Olympic athletes back to retirement: A qualitative longitudinal study. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. Psychology of Sport and Exercise Volume 21, Pages 50-56.
University of Ohio, (2017 ). 3 Tips to Help Athletes Transition to Life After Sports. University of Ohio.
Watson, T.R. (2015). Life After Injury: Employment Expectancies for Injured Athletes. Culminating Projects in Community Psychology, Counseling and Family Therapy, Paper 1.
Willard, V.C., & Lavallee, D. (2016). Retirement experiences of elite ballet dancers: impact of self-identity and social support. Sport, Excerise, and Performance Psychology.
World Rowing (2017). When a rower’s career ends, talking life after sport. World Rowing.
Wylleman, P., Lavallee, D., Alfermann, D. editors, (2009). Career Transitions in Competitive Sports. FEPSAC.
Wylleman, P., Afermann, D., Lavallee, D. (2004). Career transitions in sport: European perspectives. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 7-20.