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Literature Search on Mentoring and Career Development updated February 2017  Download  

Topics covered include:

  • Effectiveness of mentoring,
  • e-mentoring,
  • mentoring systems,
  • student mentoring,
  • career outcomes,
  • and more.

Literature Search

Mentoring and Career Development

 Updated February 2017

Allen, T.D., Eby, L.T> (2008). The Blackwell Handbook of Mentoring: A Multiple Perspectives Approach. John Wiley & Sons.

Allen, T.D., Eby, L.T., O’Brien, K.E., & Lentz, E. (2008). The State of Mentoring Research: A qualitative review of current research methods and future research implications. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 343-357.

Allen, T.D., Eby, L.T., Lentz, E. (2006). The relationship between Formal Mentoring Program Characteristics and Perceived Program Effectiveness. Personnel Psychology, Volume 59, Issue 1, pages 125-153.

Allen, T.D., Lentz, E., and Day, R. (2006). Career success outcomes associated with mentoring others: A comparison of mentors and non-mentors. Journal of Career Development, 32, 3, 272-285.

Allen, T.D., Eby, L.T., Lentz, E. (2006). Mentorship behaviors and mentorship quality associated with formal mentorship programs: Closing the gap between research and practice. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 91(3), 567-578.

Allen, T.D., Day, R., Lentz, E. (2005). The Role of Interpersonal Comfort in Mentoring Relationships. Journal of Career Development, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp. 155-169.

Allen, T.D., Eby, L., Poteet, M., Lentz, E., & Lima, L. (2004). Career benefits associated with mentoring for protégés: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(1), 127-136.

Amaury, N., and Crisp, G. (2007). Mentoring Students: Conceptualizing and Validating the Multi-Dimensions of a Support System. Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory and Practice. Volume 9, Number 3, Pages 337-356.

Apospori, E., Nikandrou, I., & Panayotopoulou, L. (2006). « Mentoring and women’s career advancement in Greece. » Human Resource Development International, 9:4, 509-527.

Arthur, M.B., Khapova, S.N., Wilderom, C.P.M. (2005). Career success in a boundaryless world. Journal of Organizational Behavior. Volume 26, Issue 2, pages 177-202.

Ayres, H. (2006). Career Development in Tourism and Leisure: An Exploratory study of the Influence of Mobility and Mentoring. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 113-123.

Beek-Kyoo, J., Sunyoung, P. (2010). “Career satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention: The effects of goal orientation, organizational learning culture and development feedback”. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 31 Iss. 6, pp. 482-500.

Ball, K. A. (2009). “Career Development and College Planning Needs of Rural High School Students”. Counselor Education Master’s Thesis. Paper 6.

Ballasy, L. (2004). Marketing for the Recruitment of Mentors: A Workbook for Finding and Attracting Volunteers. National Mentoring Centre.

Baranik, L.E., Roling, E.A., Eby, L.T. (2010). Why does mentoring work? The role of perceived organizational support. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 76, Issue 3, Pages 366-373.

Barnett, B.R., Bradley, L. (2007). “ The impact of organisational support for career development on career satisfaction.” Career Development International, Vol. 12 Iss. 7, pp. 617-636.

Baruch, Y. (2006). Career development in organizations and beyond: Balancing traditional and contemporary viewpoints. Human Resource Management Review. Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 125-138.

Baugh, S. G., Sullivan, S.E., (2005). Mentoring and career development. Emerald 10.

Bernier, A. & Larose, S. (2005). Academic mentoring in college. The interactive role of student’s and mentor’s interpersonal dispositions. Research in Higher Education, 46, 29-51.

Bierema, L.L. and Hill, J.R. (2005). Virtual Mentoring and HRD. Advances in Developing Human Resources. Vol. 7, no. 4 556-568.

Black, D., Grenard, J., Sussman, S., & Rohrbach, L. (2010). The influence of school-based natural mentoring relationships on school attachment and subsequent adolescent risk behaviors. Health Education Research, 25(5), pp. 892-902.

Blickle, G., Witzki, A.H., Schneider, P.B. (2009). Mentoring support and power: A three year predictive field study on protégé networking and career success. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 74, Issue 2, Pages 181-189.

Blickle, G., Witzki, A., Schneider, P.B. (2009). Self-initiated mentoring and career success: A predictive field study. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 74, Issue 1, Pages 94-101.

Blickle, G., Scheinder, P.B., Perrewe, P.L., Blass, F.R. Ferris, G.R. (2008). The roles of self-disclosure, modesty, and self-monitoring relationship: A longitudinal multi-source investigation. Career Development International, Vol. 13 Iss. 3 pp. 224-240.

Borders, L.D., Young, J.S., Wester, K.L., Murray, C.E., Villalba, J.A., Lewis, T.F., & Mobley, A.K. (2011). Mentoring promotion/tenure-seeking faculty: Principles of good practice within a counselor education program. Counselor Education & Supervision, 50(3), 171-188.

Bozeman, B., and Feeney, M.K. (2007). Toward a Useful Theory of Mentoring: A Conceptual Analysis and Critique. Administration & Society. Vol. 39, no. 6 719-739.

Bozionelos, N. (2006). Mentoring and expressive network resources: their relationship with career success and emotional exhaustion among Hellenes employees involved in emotion work. The International Journal of Human Resource Management. Volume 17, Issue 2.

Bramley, A., Burke, L., Yan Lau, W., Marentette, K., and Tallman, M. (2012). Mentoring in the Workplace: An Exploratory Study of the Protégés’ Perspective. University of Guelph.

Briscoe, J.P., Finklestein, L.M. (2009). « The ‘new career’ and organizational commitment : Do boundaryless and proteen attitudes make a difference? » Career Development International, Vol. 14, Iss 3, pp. 242-260.

Brooker, M.R. (2011). Youth Mentoring as an Intervention with Disengaged Young People: A Literature Review. Department of Communities Western Australia.

Brousell, L. (2015). 6 Ways to give millenials the mentorship programs they want. CIO.

Brown, J.R. (2014). The Value of Lifelong Mentorship in Career Development. The ASCO Post.

Bryant, S.E. and Terborg, J.R. (2008). Impact of Peer Mentor Training on Creating and Sharing Organizational Knowledge. Journal of Managerial Issues. Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 11-29.

Budge, S. (2006). Peer Mentoring in Post-Secondary Education: Implications for Research and Practice. Journal of College Reading & Learning, vol. 37, Issue 1, p. 73-87.

Buell, C. (2004). Models of mentoring in communication. Communication Education. Volume 53, Issue 1

Burgess, J. (2006). Mentoring and Career Development: What’s the Evidence? The University of Adelaide.

Burns, S. (2015). Why You Should Be a Mentor. Athabasca University.

Burrell, T. (2015). Mentoring beyond borders. Science Magazine.

Byrne, Z.S., Dik, B.J., Chiaburu, D.S. (2008). Alternatives to traditional mentoring in fostering career success. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 72, Issue 3, Pages 429-442.

Campbell, T.A., & Campbell, D.E. (2007). O utcomes of mentoring at-risk college students: gender and ethnic matching effects. Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning. Volume 15, Issue 2, 2007.

Carraher, S.M., Sullivan, S.E., and Crocitto, M.M. (2008). Mentoring across global boundaries: an empirical examination of home and host country mentors on expatriate career outcomes. Journal of International Business Studies. 39, 1310-1326.

Chandler, D.E. (2011). The maven of mentoring speaks: Kathy E. Kram reflects on her career and the field. Journal of Management Inquiry, 20(1), 24-33.

Chao, G.T. (2009). Formal mentoring: Lessons learned from past practice. Professional Psychology: research and Practice. Vol. 40(3). 314-320.

Clifford, P.S., Fuhrmann, C.N., Lindstaedt, B., Hobin, J.A. (2014). Getting the Mentoring You Need. Science Magazine.

Cole, P. (2004). Mentoring Relationships as a Tool for Creating a Professional Development Network. Information School, University of Washington.

Cox, E. (2005). For better, for worse: the matching process in formal mentoring schemes. Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning. Volume 13, Issue 3, pages 403-414.

Craig, C.A., Allen, M.W., Reid, M.F., Riemenschneider, C.K., & Armstrong, D.J. (2013 ). The Impact of Career Mentoring and Psychosocial Mentoring on Affective Organizational Commitment, Job Involvement, and Turnover Intention. Administration & Society. 45:8 949-973.

Crisp, G. (2010). The impact of Mentoring on the Success of Community College Students. The Review of Higher Education. Volume 34, Number 1, pp. 39-60.

Crocitto, M.M., Sullivan, S.E., Carraher, S.M. (2005). Global mentoring as a means of career developmental knowledge creation: A learning-based framework and agenda for future research. Career Development International, Vol. 10, Iss. 6/7, pp. 522-55.

Cropanzano, R., & Mitchell, M.S. (2005). Social exchange theory: An interdisciplinary review. Journal of Management, 31, 874-900.

Darwin, A., & Palmer, E. (2009). Mentoring circles in higher education. Higher Education Research & Development. Volume 28, Issue 2, pages 125-136.

Davis, R.L. (2004). Mentoring Program. Available at

Day, R., Allen, T.D. (2004). T he relationship between career motivation and self-efficacy with protégé career success. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 64, Issue 1, Pages 72-91.

Deans, F., and Oakley, L. with James, R., and Wrigley, R. (2006 ). Coaching and Mentoring for Leadership Development in Civil Society. Praxis Paper No. 14.

De Vries, J., Webb, C., Eveline, J. (2006). Mentoring for gender equality and organisational change. Employee Relations. Vol. 28 Iss. 6, pp. 573-587.

Dickmann, M., Harris, H. (2005). Developing career capital for global careers: The role of international assignments. Journal of World Business. Volume 40, Issue 4, Pages 399-408.

DiRenzo, M.S., Weer, C.H., Linnehan, F. (2013). Protégé career aspirations: The influence of formal e-mentor networks and family role models. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 83, Issue 1, pages 41-50.

Dobrow, S.R., Chanler, D.E., Murphy, W.M., Kram, K.E. (2012). A Review of Developmental Networks. Incorporating a Mutuality Perspective. Journal of Management, vol. 38, no. 1 210-242.

Dracup, K., Bryan-Brown, C.W. (2004). From Novice to Expert to Mentor: Shaping the Future. American Journal of Critical Care. Vol. 13 no. 6 448-450.

DuBois, D., & Karcher, M. (2005). Youth mentoring: theory, research, and practice. Handbook of Youth Mentoring. DuBois, D., & Karcher, M. (eds.) pp. 2-11. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.

Dubois, D., & Silverthorn, N. (2005a). Natural mentoring relationships and adolescent health: evidence from a national study. American Journal of Public Health, 95(3), pp. 518-524.

DuBois, D., & Silverthorn, N. (2005b). Characteristics of natural mentoring relationship and adolescent adjustment: evidence from a national study. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 26(2), pp. 69-92.

Dunham-Taylor, J., Lynn, C.W., Moore, P., McDaniel, S., & Walker, J.K. (2008). What goes around comes around: Improving faculty retention through more effective mentoring. Journal of Professional Nursing, 24(6), 337-346.

Ebersole Chung, C. E. (2011). Job stress, mentoring, psychological empowerment, and job satisfaction among nursing faculty. UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones. Paper 1266.

Eby, L.T., Allen, T.D., Evans, S.C., Ng, T., DuBois, D.L. (2008). Does mentoring matter? A multidisciplinary meta-analysed comparing mentored and non-mentored individuals. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 72, Issue 1, Pages 254-267.

Eby, L., Rhodes, J., & Allen, T. (2007). Definition and evolution of mentoring. In The Blackwell Handbook of Youth Mentoring – A Multiple Perspectives Approach, pp. 7-20. Allen, T., & Eby, L. (eds.), MA, USA: Blackwell Publishing.

Eby, L.T., Durley, J.R., Evans, S.C., Ragins, B.R. (2006). The relationship between short-term mentoring benefits and long-term mentor outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 69, Issue 3, Pages 424-444.

Eby, L., & Lockwood, A. (2005). Protégés and mentors’ reactions to participating in formal mentoring programs: a qualitative investigation. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 67, pp. 441-458.

Eby, L.T., Butts, M., Lockwood, A., & Simon, S.A. (2004). Protégés negative mentoring experiences: Construct development and nomological validation. Personnel Psychology, 57(2), 411-447.

Eddy, E.R., Tannenbaum, S.I., Lorenzet, S.J., Smith-Jentsch, K.A. (2005). The Influence of a Continuous Learning Environment on Peer Mentoring Behaviors. Journal of Managerial Issues. Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 383-395.

Egan, T.M., Song, Z. (2008). Are facilitated mentoring programs beneficial? A randomized experimental filed study. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 72, Issue 3, Pages 351-362.

Egan, T.M. (2005). The Impact of Learning Goal Orientation Similarity on Formal Mentoring Relationship Outcomes, Advances in Developing Human Resources. vol. 7 no. 4 489-504.

Ensher, E.A., Murphy, S.E. (2011). The Mentoring Relationship Challenges Scale: The impact of mentoring stage, type, and gender. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 79, Issue 1, Pages 253-266.

Ensher, E.A., & Murphy, S.E. (2010). The Mentoring Relationship Challenges Scale: The impact of mentoring stage, type, and gender. Journal of Vocational Behavior, doi: 10.1016éj.jvb.2010.11.008.

Evans, I.M., Jory, A., & Dawson, N. (2005). International: Australia and New Zealand. In D.L.DuBois & M.J. Karcher (Eds.) Handbook of youth mentoring (pp. 408-421). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Farruggia, S.P., Bullen, P., Solomon, F., Collins, E., Dunphy, A. (2011). Examining the Cultural Context of Youth Mentoring: A Systematic Review. Junior Primary Prevention 32: 237-251.

Fassinger, R.E. (2005). Paradigms, praxis, problems and promise: Grounded theory in counselling psychology research. Journal of Counseling Psychology. Vol. 52(2), 156-166.

Fassinger, R.E., & Hensler McGinnis, N.F. (2005). Multicultural feminist mentoring as individual and small-group pedagogy. In C.Z. Enns & A.L. Sinacore (Eds.), Teaching and social justice: Integrating multicultural and feminist theories in the classroom (pp. 143-161). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Fletcher. R., Sherk, J., and Jucovy, L. (2010 ). Mentoring Former Prisoners: A Guide For Re-Entry Programs. PPV.

Forret, M., de Janasz, S. (2005). Perceptions of an organization’s culture for work and family: Do mentors make a difference? Career Development International. Vol. 10 Iss: 6/7, pp. 478-492.

Forret, M.L., Dougherty, T.W. (2004). Networking behaviors and career outcomes: differences for men and women? Journal of Organizational Behavior. Volume 25, Issue 3, pages 419-437.

Foster, S. and MacLeod, J. (2004). The Role of Mentoring Relationships in the Career Development of Successful Deaf Persons. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education. 94): 442-458

Foster, B.P., Shastri, T., Withane, S. (2004). The Impact of Mentoring on Career Plateau and Turnover Intentions of Management Accountants. Journal of Applied Business Research, Vol. 20, No. 4.

Foster-Turner, J. (2006). Coaching and Mentoring in Health and Social Care: the Essentials of Practice for Professionals and Organizations. Oxford: Radcliffe Publishing.

Freeman, S. (2009). Effective Mentoring. IFLA Journal vol. 35, no. 2 171-182.

Friday, E., Friday, S.S., Green, A.L. (2004). A reconceptualization of mentoring and sponsoring. Management Decision, Vol. 42 Iss. 5, pp. 628-644.

Gardiner, M., Tiggemann, M., Kearns, H., & Marshall, K. (2007). Show me the money! An empirical analysis of mentoring outcomes for women in academia. Higher Education Research & Development. Volume 26, Issue 4, pages 425-442.

Garvey, B., Stokes, P., Megginson, D. (2008). Coaching and Mentoring: Theory and Practice. Sage.

Gentry, W.A., Weber, T.J., Sadri, G. (2008). Examining career-related mentoring and managerial performance across cultures: A multilevel analysis. Journal of Vocational Behavior, Volume 72, Issue 2, Pages 241-253.

Ghosh, R., Reio, T.G, Jr. (2013). Career benefits associated with mentoring for mentors: A meta-analysis. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 83, 106-116.

Ghosh, R., & Reio, T.G. (2013). Study highlights the benefits of serving as a mentor. MENTOR.

Gibson, D.E. (2009). The handbook of mentoring at work: Theory, research, and practice. (Book Review). Administrative Science Quarterly, 54(1), 158-161.

Girves, J.E., Zepeda, Y., Gwathmey, J.K. (2005 ). Mentoring in a Post-Affirmative Action World, Journal of Social Issues. Volume 61, Issue 3, pages 449-479

Grace, J., Aquilina, H., Harris, S. (2011). Literature Review Good Practices Mentoring for Aboriginal People in Western Australia. Shelby Consulting.

Grossman, J. (2009 ). Evaluating Mentoring Programs. Available from:

Groves, K.S. (2007). “Integrating leadership development and succession planning best practices.” Journal of Management, Vol. 26 Iss: 3, pp. 239-260.

Gudwin, D.M., Salazar, M.D. (2010). Mentoring and coaching: a lifetime for teachers in a multicultural setting. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Guise, J-M., Geller, S., Regensteiner, J., Raymond, N., Nagel, J., (2017). Team Montoring for Interdisciplinary Team Science: Lessons From K12 Scholars and Directors. Association of American Medical Colleges.

Hale, R. (2006). ‘Lessons Out of Africa – The Importance of Mentoring’, Ezine Articles.

Hamilton, N. and Montpetit Brabbit, L. (2007). Fostering Professionalism through Mentoring. Journal of Legal Education, Volume 57, Number 1.

Harvard Business School, (2004). Coaching and mentoring: how to develop top talent and achieve stronger performance. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Hattingh, M., Coetzee, M., Schreuder, D. (2005). Implementing and Sustaining Mentoring Programmes: A Review of the Application of Best Practices in the South African Organizational Context. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 3(3), 40-48.

Haynes, R.K., & Petrosko, J.M. (2009). An investigation of mentoring and socialization among law faculty. Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning, 17(1), 41-52.

Headlam-Wells, J. (2004). E-mentoring for aspiring women managers. Women in Management Review, Vol. 19, Iss: 4, pp. 212-218.

Hegstad, C.D., Wentling, R.M. (2004 ). The development and maintenance of exemplary formal mentoring programs in fortune 500 companies. Human Resource Development Quarterly. Volume 15, Issue 4, Pages 421-448.

Herbohn, K. (2004). Informal mentoring relationships and the career processes of public accountants. The British Accounting Review. Volume 36, Issue 4, Pages 369-393.

Hezlett, S.A., Gibson, S.K. (2007). Linking Mentoring and Social Capital: Implications for Career and Organization Development. Advances in Developing Human Resources. Vol. 9 no. 3 384-411.

Hezlett, S.A., Gibson, S.K. (2005). Mentoring and Human Resource Development: Where We Are and Where We Need to Go. Advances in Developing Human Resources. Vol. 7 no. 4 446-469.

Hobson, A., and Sharp, C. (2005). ‘ Head to head: a systematic review of the research evidence on mentoring new head teachers.’ School Leadership and Management, 25, 1, 25-42.

Hooley, T. (2016). Effective employer mentoring. Adventures in Career Development.

Hu, C., Thomas, K.M., & Lance, C.E. (2008). Mentoring relationships: understanding the impact of race, proactivity, feelings of depression, and relationship roles. The Journal of Social Psychology, Volume 148, Issue 6, Pages 727-744.

Hurd, N., & Zimmerman, M. (2010). Natural mentors, mental health, and risk behaviors: a longitudinal analysis of African American adolescents transitioning into adulthood. American Journal of Community Psychology, 46, pp. 36-48.

Isenhour, M., and Gillie, S. (2012). Mentoring and Tutoring Programs: An Annotated Bibliography of Online Resources. Indiana Pathways to College Network, IPCN.

Jacelon, C.S., Zucker, D.M., Staccarini, J., & Henneman, E.A. (2003). Peer mentoring for tenure-track faculty. Journal of Professional Nursing, 19(6), 335-338.

Jackson, D., Firtko, A., and Edenborough, M. (2007). Personal resilience as a strategy for surviving and thriving in the face of workplace adversity: a literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 60: 1-9.

Johnson, B.W. and Ridley, C.R. (2004). The Elements of Mentoring. Palgrave MacMillan, New York.

Judge, T.A., Kammeyer-Mueller, J., Bretz, R.D. (2004). A Longitudinal Model of Sponsorship and career success: A study of industrial-organizational psychologists. Personnel Psychology, Volume 57, Issue 2, pages 271-303.

Jyoti, J., Sharma, P. (2015). Impact of MentoringFunctions on Career Development: Moderating Role of Mentoring Culture and Mentoring Structure. Global Business Review.

Kahle-Piasecki, L. (2011). Making a Mentoring Relationship Work: What is required for Organizational Success. Journal of Applied Business & Economics. Vol. 12, Iss. 1, p. 46-56.

Karcher, M.J., (2008). The study of mentoring in the learning environment (SMILE): A randomized evaluation of the effectiveness of school-based mentoring. Prevention Science, 9, 99-113.

Karcher, M.J., Nakkula, M.J., & Harris, J.T. (2005). Developmental mentoring match characteristics: Correspondence between mentors and mentees’ assessments of relationship quality. Journal of Primary Prevention, 26, 93-110.

Karcher, M. (2004). The effects of developmental mentoring and high school mentors’ attendance on their younger mentees’ self- esteem, social skills and connectedness. Psychology in Schools, 42(1), pp. 65-77.

Keel, M.I. (2009). Mentoring: Program Development. Relationships and Outcomes. Nova Science Publication Incorporated.

Keller, T. (2007). Youth Mentoring. In The Blackwell Handbook of Mentoring: A Multiple Perspectives Approach. Allen, T., & Eby, L. (eds.), pp. 23-47. MA, USA: Blackwell Publishing.

Kinkel, D.H. and Henke, S.E. (2006). Impact of Undergraduate Research on Academic Performance, Educational Planning, and Career Development. American Society of Agronomy.

Kirchmeyer, C. (2005). The effects of mentoring on academic careers over time: Testing performance and political perspectives. Human Relations, vol. 58 no. 5 637-660.

Klinck, J., Cardinal, C., Edwards, K., Gibson, N., Bisanz, J., & da Costa, (2005). Mentoring programs for Aboriginal youth. Pimatisiwin: A Journal of Aboriginal and Indigenous Community Health. 3, 109-130.

Kram, K.E., and Higgins, M.C. (2008). A New Approach to Mentoring. The Wall Street Journal. September 22, 2008.

Kupfer, D.J. (2015). Career Development Institute with Enhanced Mentoring: A Revisit. US National Library of Medicine.

Langhout, R., Rhodes, J., & Osborne, L. (2004). An exploratory study of youth mentoring in an urban context: adolescent’s perceptions of relationship styles. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33(4), pp. 293-306.

Lankau, M.J., Carlson, D.S., Nielson, T.R. (2006). The mediating influence of role stressors in the relationship between mentoring and job attitudes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, Volume 68, Issue 2, Pages 308-322.

Lankau, M.J., Riordan, C.M., & Thomas, C.H. (2005). The effects of similarity and liking in formal relationships between mentors and protégés. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 67, 252-265.

Larose, S., Chaloux, N., Monaghan, D., & Tarabulsy, G.M. (2006). Working alliance as a moderator of the impact of mentoring relationships among academically at-risk students. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Lather, A.S., & Sharma, H. (2010). ‘ Impact of national and organizational culture on mentoring environment in Indian context.’ Int. J. Indian Culture and Business Management, 3, 434-448.

Lease, S.H. (2004). Effect of Locus of Control, Work Knowledge, and Mentoring on Career Decision-Making Difficulties: Testing the Role of Race and Academic Institution. Journal of Career Assessment. Vol. 12 no. 3 239-254.

Lee, A., Dennis, C., & Campbell, P. (2007). Nature’s guide for mentors. Nature 447, 791-797.

Lester, P.B., Hannah, S.T., Harms, P.D., Vogelgesang, G.R., Avolo, B.J., (2011). “Mentoring Impact of Leaders Efficacy Development: A Field Experiment.” Academy of Management Learning & Education, 10, 409-429.

Levy, B.D., Katz, J.T., Wolf, M.A., Sillman, J.S., Handin, R.I., Dzau, V.D. (2004). An Initiative in Mentoring to Promote Residents’ and Faculty Members’ Careers. Academic Medicine. Volume 79 Issue 9 pp. 845-850.

Lord, P., Atkinson, M., Mitchell, H. (2008). Mentoring and Coaching for a Study of the Research Evidence. National Foundation for Educational Research. Northern Office.

MacCallum, J., Beltman, S., & Palmer, D. (2005a). Mentoring as a context for developing motivation. Paper presented at Australian Association for Research in Education Conference, Sydney, November 29, 2005.

MacCallum, J., Beltman, S., Palmer, D., Ross, C., & Tero, C. (2005b ). Indigenous mentoring pilots project 2001-2004: National Evaluation Report, Australian Government DEST.

Madia, B.P. & Lutz, C.J. (2004). Perceived similarity, expectation-reality discrepancies, and mentors’ expressed intention to remain in Big Brothers/Big Sisters Programs. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 34, 598-623.

Mariani, B. (2012). The Effect of Mentoring on Career Satisfaction of Registered Nurses and Intent to Stay in the Nursing Profession. Nursing Research and Practice.

McClean, D. (2007). Evaluating the early impact of the Rangatahi Maori Mentoring Program developed to encourage and support Maori secondary school students to pursue a career in health. Unpublished master’s thesis, Griffin University, Queensland, Australia.

McDonald, S., Erickson, L.D., Johnson, M.K., Elder, G.H. (2007). Informal mentoring and young adult employment. Social Science Research, Volume 36, Issue 4, Pages 1328-1347.

McDowall-Long, K., (2004). Mentoring relationships: implications for practitioners and suggestions for future research. Human Resource Development International. Volume 7, Issue 4.

McKimm, J., Jollie, C., and Hatter, M. (2007). Mentoring: Theory and Practice. London Regional Office of the NHSE.

Megginson, D. (2006). Mentoring in Action: A Practical Guide. Kogan Page Publishers.

Metros, S.E., and Yang, C. (2006). The Importance of Mentors. Educause.

Michel, A. (2016). Guest Post, Thin Difference, Leaders Connected by Purpose.

Moerer-Urdahl, T., Creswell, J.W. (2004). Using transcendental Phenomenology to Explore the “Ripple Effect” in a Leadership Mentoring Program. International Journal of Qualitative Methods. Vol. 3 No. 2

Munroe, C.R. (2009). Mentoring needs and expectations of generation-y human resources practitioners: Preparing the next wave of strategic business partners. Journal of Management Research, 1-25.

Ng, T.W.H., Feldman, D.C. (2007). Organizational embeddedness and occupational embeddedness across career stages. Journal of Vocational Behavior Volume 70, Issue 2, Pages 336-351.

Ng, T.W.H., Eby, L.T., Sorensen, K.L., Feldman, D.C. (2005). Predictors of Objective and Subjective Career Success: A Meta-Analysis. Personnel Psychology, Volume 58, Issue 2, pages 367-408.

Okurame, D.E.(2007). “ Perceived mentoring functions: does mentor’s gender matter?” Women in Management Review. Vol. 22 Iss: 5, pp. 418-427.

Ostendorf, A. (2016). Informal Workplace Mentoring and Corporate Citizenship – Empirical Insights and Conceptual Discussions. University of Glasgow.

Paglis, L.L., Green, S.G., and Bauert, T.N. (2006). Does adviser mentoring add value? A longitudinal study of mentoring and doctoral student outcomes. Research in Higher Education. Volume 47, Issue 4, pp. 451-476.

Paquin, J.D. (2008). Managers, Mentoring, and Moving Up: The Role of Mentoring in Women’s Career Advancement in the Chemical Industry. Thesis. University of Maryland.

Pan, W., Sun, L-Y., Siu Chow, I.H. (2011). The impact of supervisory mentoring on personal learning and career outcomes: The dual moderating effect of self-efficacy. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 78, Issue 2, Pages 264-273.

Payne, S.C., & Huffman, A.H. (2005). A longitudinal examination of the influence of mentoring on organizational commitment and turnover. Academy of Management Journal, 48(1), 158-168.

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