Updated February 2020

Topics covered in the literature search include:

  • Career development for LGBTQ populations
  • Barriers to career progression of LGBTQ individuals
  • Best practice in career interventions for LGBTQ employees
  • LGBTQ resources to build student career success
  • Career interventions for transgender individuals
  • Research on workplace equity policies for LGBTQ individuals

Aenlle, K. (2017). The LGBT Issue: Trans at Work. Jobpostings

Akhtar, A. (2019). Half of LGBTQ employees say they have experienced verbal discrimination at work. Business Insider.

Anderson, R.A. (2013). Assessing the Readiness to Reveal: Resume Writing Strategies for LGBTQ Students. Nace Journal.

Bach, M. (2018). Discussing Diversity and Inclusion with Michael Bach, CEO of CCDI.Miles.

Badgett, M.V.L., Durso, L.E., Kastanis, A. & Mallory, C. (2013). The Business Impact of LGBT-Supportive Workplace Policies. The Williams Institute.

Baggio, M.C. (2017). About the relation between transgender people and the organizations: new subjects for studies on organizational diversity. Science Direct.

Baksh, K. (2016). Workplace Discrimination: The LGBT Workforce. HuffPost.

Battye, G. (2019). The Most Successful LGBT Training Looks Like This. Thrive Global.

Bazilchuk, N. (2018). It is tiring to be gay in the workplace. Science Norway.

Bennett, R. (2014). LGBTQ Alumni Panel Discusses Career Development. Davidson.

Beauregard, T.A., Arevshatian, L., Booth, J.E., & Whittle, S. (2016). Listen carefully: transgender voices in the workplace. LSE Research Online.

Belmonte, A. (2019).  l just keep quiet’: one-third of LGBTQ employees are out at work. MSN.

Bilimoria, D. and Stewart, A.J. (2009). “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”: The Academic Climate for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Faculty in Science and Engineering. JSTOR.

Blackman, A. (2019). How to Make Your Workplace More LGBT Friendly (& Why You Should). Envatotuts.

Bockting, W., Coleman, E. and Ettner, R. (2017). Adult Development and Quality of Life of Transgender and Gender Nonconforming People. Ncbi.

Bockting, W., Knudson, G., Goldberg, J.M. (2006). Counselling and Mental Health Care of Transgender Adults and Loved Ones. CRHC.

Bondy, H. (2019). 5 ways the LGBTQ community has progressed in the 2019 workplace. NBC News.

Bosch, M.A. (2019). Paving the Way: Advise from the Career Journeys of LGBTQ Professionals in Higher Education. Pro Quest.

Brousseau, J. (2014). Career Counseling with LGBT Clients. Prezi.

Brown, E., Scott, I. (2019). Belief v. Belief: Resolving LGBTQ Rights Conflicts in the Religious Workplace. Wiley Online Library.

Budahazy, J. (2019). LGBT, Positivity and Inclusion in the Workplace. Monster.

Burning Glass Technologies. (2019). Encouraging Signals: More Job Postings cite LGBTQ Diversity in Hiring. Burningglass.

Burns, C., and Krehely, J. (2011). Gay and Transgender People Face High Rates of Workplace Discrimination and Harassment. Center for American Progress.

Burt, E. (2018). We can all be better LGBT allies at work. People Management.

Calfas, J. (2019). This Map Shows It’s Still Legal to Be Fired for Your Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity. Yahoo Finance.

Cayley, C. (2014). Intro to Career Counselling with Clients Who Identify as Transgender: Terminology. CCPA.

Cerezo, A., O’Neil, M. (2008). Counselors should target discrimination and be advocates for transgender clients. University of Oregon.

Chavez-Korell, S., Johnson, L.T. (2010). Informing Counselor Training and Competent Counseling Services through Transgender Narratives and the Transgender Community. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 4:202-213.

Chee, A. (2015). What Will Gay Culture Look Like in 2035? New Republic.

Chen, C.P., & Keats, A. (2013). Career development and counselling needs of LGBTQ high school students. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling. Volume 44, Issue 5.

Cheng, J., Klann, E.M., Zounlome, N., Chung, Y.B. (2017). Career Development and Work Environment for LGBT Individuals. Psychology of Career Adaptability, Employability and Resilience. (pp. 265-282).

Chung, Y.B., Chang, T.K., and Rose, C.S. (2007). Managing and coping with sexual identity at work. The Psychologist.

Convery, B.K. (2018). Roll Out the Employer Welcome Mat to LGBTQ Jobseekers: Diversity Matters, Inclusion is Us. CERIC.

Cook, C. (2015). Career Counselling with Gender-Diverse Individuals. CERIC.

Couto, J.L. (2014). Covered in Blue: Police Culture and LGBT Police Officers in the Province of Ontario. Thesis, Royal Roads University.

Crowley-Henry, M and McFadden, C. (2019). How to turn up the LGBT voice in the workplace. RTE.

Cullinan, N. (2018). Why is coming out still a problem at work? Stonewall.

Dastagir, A.E. (2019). SCOTUS ruling could completely alter lives of LGBTQ Americans. USA Today.

DeNisco-Rayone, A. (2019). Transgender employees in tech: Why this ”progessive” industry has more work to do to achieve true gender inclusivity. ZDNet.

Dick, S. (2012). Career development: how to support your lesbian and gay employees. Stonewall.

DiGiacomo, R. (2016). Gay employees weigh coming-out issues. Monster.

Dispenza, F., Brennaman, C., Harper, L.S., Harrigan, M.A., Chastain, T.E., Proctor, J.E. (2019). Career Development of Sexual and Gender Minority Persons Living with Disabilities. Sage Publications.

Dispenza, F. (2012). Research with purpose and passion: Social justice and transgender persons. APA.

Donnell, C. (2018). 3 Ways to Foster an LGBT-Friendly Workplace. Entrepreneur.

Douglas, E. (2019). A History of Pride: How to celebrate LGBTQ employees. HRD.

Doyle, A. (2019). Top 10 Jobs in the LGBTQ Community. The balance careers.

Drydakis, N. (2019). Sexual orientation and labor market outcomes. IZA World of Labor.

Durkan, B. (2018). LGBT candidates and interview success: an expert’s view. Gradireland.

Easterling, L. (2019). Navigating Gender Identity and Expression During a Job Search. Inside Higher ed.

Ecker, L. (2017). Discrimination in Employment Issues for LGBT Individuals. American Bar Association.

El Amiri, S. (2015). Student Paper #1 – Career Development with Gay and Lesbian Clients. CCPA.

Farmer, B. (2018). Top 5 ways to support LGBTQ employees in the workplace. Europeanceo.

Flanagan, J. (2019). LGBT Career Resource Guide. Velvet Jobs.

Fleenor, S.E. (2020). Job Searching While LGBTQ: How to Find a Truly Inclusive Place to Work. the muse.

Florentine, S. (2018). Standing up for transgender rights in the workplace. CIO.

Fric, K. (2016). Working life experiences of LGBT people and initiatives to tackle discrimination. Eurofound.

Friday, A. (2018). Workplace Discrimination for the LGBTQ Community and Resources for Counselors. Academia

Fu, L. (2017). LGBTQ Workers Still Face Legal Discrimination. Fortune.

Funk, L., League, L. (2014). 5 Ways to Make Your Office More LGBT Inclusive. Fast Company.

Garcia Johnson, C.P. and Otto, K. (2019). Better Together: A Model for Women and LGBTQ Equality in the Workplace. NCBI.

Garsd, J. (2019). ‘It’s a Career Ender’: 2 LGBTQ Former Dell Workers Share Their Stories. NPR.

Gassam, J. (2018). 5 Career Tips for LGBTQ Employees. Forbes.

Gedro, J. (2009). LGBT career development. Sage Journals.

Gedro, J. (2008). LGBT Career Development. Advances in Developing Human Resources Online First.

Glass Door Team, (2012). LGBTQ Workplace Pride: Diversity Efforts Employees Appreciate. Glassdoor.

Gordon, D. (2019). 7 ways to make your workplace welcoming for trans people. CPA Canada

Gonzalez, M.E. (2014). School Counselor Advocacy with LGBT Students: A Qualitative Study of High School Counselor Experiences. University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Grant, T. (2018). On the job and in the closet. The Globe and Mail.

Graves, J.A. (2014). How to Manage a Job Search as a Transgender Candidate. U.S. News.

Greathouse, M. (2019). Career Considerations of LGBTQ Students. NACE.

Grenier, A. and Hixson-Vulpe, J. (2017). Beyond Diversity: An LGBT Best Practice Guide for Employers. Great Place to Work.

Hanna, A. (2016). Being Transgender on the Job Market. Inside HigherEd.

Haski-Leventhal and Korschun, D. (2019). Building Effective Corporate Engagement on LGBTQ Rights. MIT Sloan.

Henriquez, N.R. (2019). What we need to know: Developing knowledge and awareness about LGBT older adults. Canadian Nurse.

Hewlett, S.A. (2013). Why LGBT Employees Need Workplace Allies. Harvard Business Review.

Hewlett, S.A. and Sumberg, K. (2011. For LGBT Workers, Being “Out” Brings Advantages. Harvard Business Review.

Hoffshire, M.D. (2017). Examining the Impact of Sexual Orientation on the Career Development of LGBQ+ Students. Thesis, University of New Orleans.

Hollis, L., McCalla, S.A. (2013). Bullied Back in the Closet. Disengagement of LGBT Employees Facing Workplace Bullying. Research Gate.

Hunte, B. (2019). LGBT harassment at work widespread, TUC survey suggests. BBC News.

Jackson, A.E. (2019). Amazing Companies That Champion LGBTQ Equality Hiring Now. Glassdoor.

Jackson, M.A., Regis, A.K., Bennett, K. (2019). Career Development Interventions for Social Justice: Addressing Needs across the Lifespan in education, Community, and Employment Contexts. Questia.

Jepson, H. (2016). Overcoming barriers to career progression as a gay woman. Ambition Institute.

Jermyn, D. (2019). Canada’s best diversity employers build respectful, inclusive workplaces. The Globe and Mail.

Johnson, C. (2019). The LGBTQ Journey: Milestones & Miasma. TalentDimensions.

Johnson, L.I. (2019). Career Development for LGBTQ Populations. ScribD.

Jones, A. (2019). Abuse of LGBT workers is a ‘hidden epidemic’, says poll. Metro.

Jubas, K. (2018). Ensuring equity for LGBTQ Canadians on the road. Academic Matters.

Kile, S. (2009). LGBT employees still face barriers. HR Reporter.

Killam, W.K., Degges-White, S., Michel, R.E. (2018). Career Counseling Interventions. Practice with Diverse Clients. Springer.

Kirk, J., Belovics, R. (2008). Understanding and Counseling Transgender Clients. ERIC.

Kollen, T. (2016). Sexual Orientation and Transgender Issues in Organizations: Global Perspectives on LGBT Workforce Diversity. Springer.

Krejcova, M. (2015). The value of LGBT equality in the workplace. glaad.

Langin, K. (2019). ‘Now I know I’m not alone’. Study highlights challenges LGBTQ workers in STEM face. Science Magazine.

Lee, J. (2016). One-third of Canadians don’t see their work as LGBTQ inclusive: study. Benefits.

Levy, R. (2019). Canada’s Cold War Purge of LGBTQ from Public Service. The Canadian Encyclopedia.

Lewington, J. (2018). It might be 2018, but LGBTQ employees still face obstacles. The Globe and Mail.

Lloren, A., Parini, L. (@016). How LGBT-Supportive Workplace Policies Shape the Experience of Lesbian, Gay,Men, and Bisexual Employees. Springer.

Lopez, V. (2018). Celebrate Workplace Diversity, Embrace LGBTQ Employees. Executive Insights.

Lytle, M.C., Vaughan, M.D., and Shmerler, D.L. (2018). Working with LGBT Individuals: Incorporating Positive Psychology into Training and Practice. ncbi

Marshall, B.T. (2017). Bringing Ourselves to Work: A Narrative Inquiry of LGBTQ Professionals. Thesis, The Ohio State University.

McCulloch, A. Woman who lost job over transgender views begins tribunal case. Personnel Today.

McFadden, C. (2018). LGBT Identity and Human Resource Development: A Systematic Literature Review. NUIM.

McFadden, C. (2015). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Careers and Human Resource Development: A Systematic Literature Review. Sage Journals.

McGaughy, L. (2018). LGBT workers are protected from workplace discrimination, Texas judge says in ‘earth-shattering’ new ruling. The Dallas Morning News.

McGregor, J. (2019). How employers are preparing for a gender non-binary world. The Washington Post.

Meach, L. (2017). The occupational experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals during the coming out process: An analysis of self-acceptance, disclosure, and occupational change. NSU.

Meier, K.S. (2018). Solutions for LGBT Discrimination in the Workplace and in School. Chron.

Miller, S. (2019). ‘Shocking’ numbers: Half of LGBTQ adults live in states where no laws ban job discrimination. USA Today.

Minter, S. (2019). Op-Ed: Three LGBTQ job discrimination cases could have wider consequences for everyone. Los Angeles Times.

Mitchell, R. (2019). How to navigate the gender landscape at work. The Harvard Gazette.

Mitchum, P. (2013). Groundbreaking New Report Examines ‘The Broken Bargen’ LGBT Workers Experience. Think Progress.

Moore, J. (2017). A Phenomenological Study of Lesbian and Gay People in Leadership Roles: How Perspectives and Priorities Shift in the Workplace as Sexual Orientation Evolves Through Social Constructs. The University of San Francisco.

Morris, M., Cooper, R.L., Ramesh, A., Tabatabal, M., Arcury, T.A., Shinn, M., In, W., Juarez, P., Matthews-Juarez, P. (2019). Training to reduce LGBTQ-related bias among medical, nursing, and dental students and providers: a systemic review. BMC Medical Education.

Motulsky, S. (2019). Where’s the T? Career counseling for transgender people. Lesley.

Motulsky, S., and Frank, E. (2018). Creating Positive Spaces for Career Counseling with Transgender Clients. NCDA.

Muller-Heyndyk, R. (2019). Most LGBT employees have been sexually harassed at work. HR Magazine.

Nath, I. (2018). For Transgender women, the pay equity gap is even wider. Macleans.

Neary, D. (2017). Transgender Issues in Employment. Dave Neary Counselling.

Oliveira, K.A. (2017). The Effect of LGBTQ Resource Centers on Student Success & Engagement. St Cloud State University.

Olson-Kennedy, J., Chan, Y-M., Rosenthal, S., Hidalgo, M.A., Chen, D., Clark, L., Ehrensaft, D. Tishelman, A., and Garofalo, R. (2019). Creating the Trans Youth Research Network: A Collaborative Research Endeavor. Transgender Health, Vol. 4, No. 1.

Ozturk, M. (2017). Transgender inclusion at work: 3 key issues for HR to tackle. HRZONE.

Ozeren, E. (2014). Sexual Orientation Discrimination in the Workplace: A Systemic Review of Literature. ScienceDirect.

Parker, B. (2016). We need to do more to keep LGBT employees from returning to the closet. The Guardian.

Paul, K. (2019). Nearly 50% of LGBTQ Americans are in the closet at work. MarketWatch.

Pepper, S.M., Lorah, P. (2008). Career Issues and Workplace Considerations for the Transsexual Community: Bridging a Gap of Knowledge for Career Counselors and Mental Health Care Providers. Questia.

Perraudin, F. (2019). Survey finds 70% of LGBT people sexually harassed at work. The Guardian.

Petersen, G. (2018). Managing Gender Transition in the Workplace. Generator.

Picchi, A. (2017). A workplace epidemic of bullying LGBT employees.  Moneywatch.

Ponzetta, L. (2017). Supporting pride at work: LGBT issues and ethical trade. Ethical Trading Initiative.

Popiolek, K. (2019). Struggling to include more LGBT + people? Remote work will help! Remote-how.

Prayson, R.A. (2019). LGBTQ Inclusivity and Language in the Workplace. Oxford Academic.

Pride at Work, (2019). Beyond Diversity: An LGBT Best Practice Guide for Employers. Pride at Work.

Qvist, B. (2014). Challenges for LGBT people in the workplace and how to overcome them. The Guardian.

Qvist, B. (2014). Top 20 tips for how business can support its LGBT workforce. The Guardian.

Radcliffe, J. (2019). A Gender Agenda: delivering affirmative career development services to transgender and gender diverse Australians. CDAA.

Radcliffe, C. (2016). The real cost of LGBT discrimination. World Economic Forum.

Ramsay, K.M., East, C.R., Evans, A.M. (2018). Integrating Transgender Ally Development in Counselor Education Programming: Suggestions for Educators and Allies. VISTAS Online.

Raynor, S. (2018). LGBT Workplace Issues: Why the majority of LGBT workers still hide their identity at work. EVERFI.

Rauside, D. (2012). The Challenges in Expanding Workplace Equity Policy: The Case of Sexual Diversity. CPSA.

Roache, Q. (2019). Lifting the lid on the hidden epidemic of LGBT sexual harassment at work. TUC.

Roland, C.B., and Burlew, L.D. (2018). Counseling LGBTQ Adults Throughout the Life Span. American Counseling Association.

Rosenfield, J. (2017). LGBTQ Career Development, A Holistic Approach. Prezi.

Rosenstone, N.C. (2019). ‘Trans-forming’ the Workplace to be Transgender Inclusive. Stanford SOCIAL INNOVATION Review.

Sangganjanavanich, V.F., Faii, V., Headley, J.A. (2016). Career Development of Transgender College Students Pursuing Gender Transition. Questia.

Sangganjanavanich, V.F. (2009). Career development practitioners as advocates for transgender individuals: Understanding gender transition. Journal of Employment Counseling, 46(3).

Sarkar, S. (2019). Fifty Years after Stonewall: LGBTQ Workers Seek Equality. Labor Notes.

Sawyer, K., Thoroughgood, C., and Ladge, J.J. (2018). How Companies Make it Harder for Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Employees to Achieve Work-Life Balance. Harvard Business Review.

Scheff, S. (2017). How Workplace Bullying is Impacting LGBT Employees. Psychology Today.

Schmidt, S.W., Githens, R.P., Rocco, T.S., Kormanik, M.B. (2012). Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, and Transgendered People and Human Resource Development: An Examination of the Literature in Adult Education and Human Resource Development. Sage Journals.

Schmidt, C.K., Miles, J.R., and Welsh, A.C. (2010). Perceived Discrimination and Social Support: The Influences on Career Development and College Adjustment of LGBT College Students. Journal of Career Development

Schneider, M.S., Dimito, A. (2010). Factors influencing the career and academic choices of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. Journal of Homosexuality 57(10):1355-69.

Schooley, S. (2019). How to Support a LGBTQ Employee Coming Out in the Workplace. Business News Daily.

Schwartz, E.F. (2016). The Many Faces of Transgender Discrimination. American Association for Justice.

Scott, D.A., Belke, S.L., Barfield, H.G. (2011). Career development with transgender college students: implications for career and employment counselors. Wiley.

Sears, B., Mallory, C. (2014). Employment Discrimination against LGBT People: Existence and Impact. UCLA.

Shen, L. (2017). Goldman Sachs Wants to Know if you are gay? Fortune.

Speciale, M., Scholl, M.B. (2018). LGBTQ Affirmative Career Counseling: An Intersectional Perspective. Career Planning and Adult Development Journal.

Stubbs, J. (2019). How to create an LGBT-inclusive workplace. Cover Magazine.

Taylor, J. (2019). How Leaders Can Create an LGBTQ-Inclusive Workplace. Launchways.

Thoroughgood, C., and Sawyer, K. (2017). Research: Why Employer Support is So Important for Transgender Employees. Harvard Business Review.

Todd, M. (2017). Why it’s still not ‘Mission Accomplished’ for LGBT workers. Totaljobs.

Tomaro, J. (2016). Career Counselling with Trans Individuals: Multicultural and Social Justice Analysis of Career Theories and Assessment Tools. CPAA.

Topado, C. (2018). 7 ways to create a more inclusive workplace for LGBTQ employees. Payscale.

Trau, R., O’Leary, J., and Brown, C. (2018). 7 Myths About Coming Out at Work. Harvard Business Review.

Troutman, O., Packer-Williams, C. (2014). Moving Beyond CACREP Standards : Training Counselors to Work Competently with LGBT Clients. The Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision.

Vagneron, C. (2017). 3 ways to make LGBT-friendly policies work at work. World Economic Forum.

Vasel, K. (2019). Fired for being transgender: The fight for LGBTQ workers’ rights. CNN.

Wada, K., McGroarty, E.J., Tomaro, J., Amundsen-Dainow, E. (2019). Affirmative Career Counselling with Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Clients: A Social Justice Perspective. Canadian Journal of Counselling & Psychology, Vol. 53, Issue 3, p255-275.

Walker, H. (2019). Workplace Discrimination is a Major Mental Health Issue for LGBTQ People. VICE.

Webber, A. (2019). Seven in 10 LGBT staff sexually harassed at work. Personnel Today.

White, L. (2014). Lesbian and Gay Career Development and Super’s Life-Span, Life-Space Theory. Thesis, University of Toronto. TSpace Library.

Will, M. (2020). LGBTQ Teachers Await Decision on Discrimination protections. Education Week.

Wong, A. (2019). A Patchwork of Anti-Discrimination Laws Don’t Protect LGBTQ Workers. Out.

Wong, G. (2014). One job, two lives: LGBT in the American workplace. CNN.

Workplace Equality, (2019). The Next Big LGBTQ Issues Before SCOTUS: Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, & Gender Expression in the Workplace. A Better Balance.

Zellner, S., Bowdish, L. (2019). Business Success and Growth Through LGBT-Inclusive Culture. U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation.

Zoller, B.P. (2016). Six Steps for Finding LGBT-Friendly Employers. Fast Company.