Updated December 2018

Topics covered in the literature search include:

  • Research and trends on working in the public sector
  • Impact of government employment on the economy
  • Careers in the public sector across Canada and internationally
  • Transitioning between private and public sector
  • Career competencies required for working in the public sector
  • Talent development strategies in the public service
  • Women’s career paths in the public service
  • Indigenous career advancement in the public sector

Ababneh, R. (2013). Antecedents and Outcomes of Career Development in Jordanian Public Sector. Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences 4(4):417-426.

Abdul Ghani Azmi, I., Hayaati Syed Ismail, S., Arni Basir, S. (2012). Women Career Advancement in Public Service: A Study in Indonesia. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences., Volume 58, Pages 298-306.

ACCA, (2018). Generation Next: managing talent in the public sector. ACCA.

Aijala, K. (2002). Public Sector – An Employer of Choice? Report on the Competitive Public Employer Project. OECD.

All about Careers. (2018). Public Sector & Defence Careers. All about careers.

Andrzejewski, S. (2013). What are the pros and cons of working in the public sector? Quora.

APEX. (2005). The Montebello Consensus: Key elements of a more coherent approach to managing the public service’s executive resource. APEX.

Australian Public Service Commission, (2007). Tackling Wicked Problems: A Public Policy Perspective. Australian Public Service Commission.

Azevedo, G.M.C., da Silva, O., Jonas, M., Rui, P.F., Ferreira, A. C.S. (2-18). Handbook of Research on Modernization and Accountability in Public Sector Management. IGI Global.

Bennett, C., Tang, N., Yeandle, S. (2016). Women’s Career Development in the Local Authority Sector. Synthesis Report. Centre for Social Inclusion, Sheffield Hallam University.

Bergen, A. (2016). What Are Public Service Jobs (And Are They Right For You)? Money Under.

Bergin, T. (2013). Learning & Development in the Public Sector. Australian Institute of Management.

Blake, H.A. (2018). Public Service Career is not for Everyone. PA Times.

Block, C., Krogh Graversen, E., Skovgaard Pedersen, H. (2015). Researcher mobility and sector choices among doctorate holders. Research Evaluation, Volume 24, Issue 2, Pages 171-180.

Bolou Schlesinger, E. (2017). Six Reasons to Study a Master’s in Public Policy. QS Scholarships.

Bourne, PE (2017). Ten simple rules in considering a career in academia versus government. PLoS Compu Biol 13(10).

Bouw. (2014). I want to work in the public sector. What will my salary be? The Globe and Mail.

Bridgman, T., De’ath, A. (2017). Early career development in the public sector: Lessons from a social constructionist perspective. Australian Journal of Career Development.

Brindle, D. (2010). Public v private sector: Is the grass greener? The Guardian.

Bright Network. (2018). 4 Potential Career Paths in The Public Sector. Bright Network.

Brindle, D. (2018). High caseloads risk driving away social workers. The Guardian.

Caponi, V. (2017). The effects of public sector employment on the economy. IZA.

Chartered Institute of Internal Auditors. (2018). Public sector internal audit career paths. A public good. Chartered Institute of Internal Auditors.

Chun, J. (2011). The public sector: a world of opportunity. Career FAQS.

Comanescu, M. (2017). The Civil Servants Career Development. The Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies.

Conference Board of Canada. (2017). Public Sector Organizations Need to Refresh Their Brand to Attract the Best Talent. The Conference Board of Canada.

Controller and Auditor-General. (2012). Part 3: Challenges facing the public sector, and our response. New Zealand.

CPA. (2018). Working in the public interest: increasing accountability in public sector financial statements. CPA.

Crossman, A. (2018). How Sociology Can Prepare You for Work in the Public Sector. ThoughtCo.

Davies, B. (2017). Benefits of Working in the Public Sector. Careers Advise.

Diaz, J.J. (2004). Public Sector Downsizing. World Bank.

Di Matteo, L. (2018). Times have changed: public-sector employment on the rise in Canada, especially in Ontario. Fraser Institute.

Di Matteo, L. (2015). An Analysis of Public and Private Sector Employment Trends in Canada, 1990-2013. Fraser Institute.

DiSalvo, D. (2010). The Trouble with Public Sector Unions. National Affairs.

Doucouliagos, C., Hone, P., and Ulubasoglu, M. (2007). Discrimination, Performance and Career Progression in Australian Public Sector Labor Markets. Deakin University.

Dowd, J. (2018). Public Service: Is it Still a Career Choice? Kronos.

Dudman, J. (2018). Who gets on to the civil service fast stream. The Guardian.

Duxbury, L., Lam, N., and Dyke, L. (2007). Career development of knowledge workers in the federal public service: the view from the trenches. Optimum, The Journal of Public Sector Management. Vol. 29, No. 4 (6-13).

Dyer, R.J. (2000). Career Development and Advancement Patterns of Aboriginal Executives in the Canada Federal Public Service. Universal Publishers.

Dyke, L., Duxburry, L., Lam, N. (2006). Career development: taking the pulse of the public service. Optimum, The Journal of Public Sector Management, Vol. 29, No. 4 (14-21).

Earley, E. (2017). Why you should consider a career in the public sector. careermetis.com.

Erstad, W. (2018). Public vs. Private Accounting: Your Guide to Choosing a Side. Rasmussen College.

Evoma, (2016). What is the Difference between Private and Public Limited Company? Evoma.

  1. (2017). Public sector innovation. From ideas to actions. EY.

Ferguson, R. (2017). Worth the risk? Moving from the public sector to the private sector. Career Insights Centre.

Foresti, M. (2007). Public Service at the Crossroads. Institute for Public Policy Research.

Gadsden, S., McLaughlin, D., Derbyshire, H. (2017). Talent management in public services in Scotland. Is, improvement service.

Gassner Otting, L. (2011). The Pros and Cons of Working in the Nonprofit Sector. The Case Foundation.

Gerster, J. (2018). Hot jobs: Public vs. private sector – which pays more? Global News.

Ghani Azmi, I.A., Syed Ismail, S.H., Basir, S.A. (2011). Facilitators of Women’s Career Advancement in Public Service: A Study in a Developing Country. University of Malaya.

Godrej, D. (2015). Myth 5: The private sector is more efficient than the public sector. New Internationalist.

Gonda, K.S. (2013). People, perceptions and policies: public sector workforce alignment. University of Tasmania.

Grazulis, V., Valickas, A. (2010). Development of Career System of Civil Service: The Lithuanian Case. Human Resources Management & Ergonomics. Volume IV. Canada’s Public Service in the 21

Green, I., Baird, K. and Fawkes, K. (2007). Canada’s Public Service in the 21st Century: Discussion Paper. Public Policy Forum.

Greenfield, A. (2018). What is Public Sector Consulting? WayUp.

Groeneveld, S. (2008). Career Development in the Dutch civil service. A diversity perspective.. EGPA.

Gradireland. (2018). Public sector and civil service: career FAQs. Gradireland.

Half, R. (2017). Private vs. Public: Choose Your Accounting Career Path. Robert Half.

Health.Vic. (2018). Karreeta Yirramboi: Aboriginal public sector. Victoria State Government.

Hedwig, S. (2013). Working in the Public Sector: Advantages and Disadvantages of Government Jobs. Ezine Articles.

Heintzman, R. (2007). Toward a New Moral Contract: Reclaiming Trust in Public Service. University of Ottawa.

Hipps, C. (2018). Public sector recruiting can match the private sector it just needs to transition. HR News.

Hubbard, R. and Paquet, G. (2007). Cat’s Cradling: APEX Forums on Wicked Problems. Optimum Online, Volume 37, Issue 2.

Hubbard, R., and Paquet, G. (2007). The Myth of the Public Service as a Lump of Guardians. Optimum Online. Volume 37, Issue 1.

Hughes, D. (2017). Careers work in England’s schools: politics, practices and prospects. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling.

Humphreys, P.C., Fleming, S., O’Donnell, O. (2017). Flexible and Innovative Working Arrangements in the Public Service. IPA.

Ibele, T. (2017). Advantages and Disadvantages of Nonprofits You May Have Overlooked. Personify.

Ilies, C-O. (2016). Career management perspective in public administration. Romania.

Institute for Competitiveness & Prosperity. The realities of Ontario’s public sector compensation. Working Paper 19.

Ireton, J. (2016). Public servants get advice on giving their careers a boost. CBC.

Issid, J. (2017). The Myths and Realities of Working in the Public Sector. Monster.

Jowett, C. (2010). Why work in the public sector. TalentEgg.

Kapoor, V. (2003). Public Sector Labor Relations: Why It Should Matter to the Public and to Academia. U. PA. Journal of Labor and Employment Law, Vol. 5:3.

Kakui, I.M., Gachunga, H. (2016). Effects of Career Development on Employee Performance in the Public Sector: A Case of National Cereals and Produce Board. The Strategic Journal of Business & Change Management. Vol. 3, Iss. 3, pp. 307-324.

Kane, S. (2018). The Advantages and Benefits of Public Service Work. The balance careers.

Kearney, R.C., Mareschal, P.M. (2011). Labor Relations in the Public Sector, Fourth Edition. CRC Press.

Kharlamova, A. (2011). 2 Tiers, 2 Careers: Should You Work in Public or Private Health. Talent Egg.

Kopelman, J.L., Rosen, H.S. (2014). Are Public Sector Jobs Recession-Proof? Were They Ever? NBER.

Koskina, A. (2008). The “pros” and “cons” of career development in the Greek public sector. Personnel Review, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp. 264-279.

Kumari, G., and Pandey, K.M. (2011). Job Satisfaction in Public Sector and Private Sector: A Comparison. International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology. Vol. 2, No. 3.

Lam, N., Dyke, L., Duxbury, L. (2006). Career development in best-practice organizations: critical success factors. Optimum, The Journal of Public Sector Management. Vol. 29, No. 4 (22-30).

Lammam, C., Palacios, M., ren, F., Clemens, JH. (2018). Comparing Government and Private Sector Compensation in Canada. Fraser Institute.

Lazzari, Z. (2018). What Is the Meaning of Public Sector Employment vs. Private? Chron.

Lee, S. (2018). Graduate’s Guide to Careers in Public Service. Affordable Colleges.

Lewis, M. (2018). What is Privatization of Public Services – Definition, Pros & Cons. Money Crashers.

Lovett, S. (2012). Is government work a dream job? Public sector employees respond. The Washington Post.

Mac Millen, (2007). Shedding 20th Century Shackles: How Provinces are Moving to New Public Service Models. Deloitte and Touche.

Manpower Public Sector, (2017). Change and Challenge in the Public Sector Workplace. A Manpower White Paper.

McMahon, M., Limerik, B., Cranston, N., Andersen, C. (2006). Going up? Women in the Public Sector. emeraldinsight.

Moczulski, J.P. (2016). Public sector’s allure more than good pay. The Globe and Mail.

Napitupulu, S., Haryono, T., Laksmi Riani, A., Sri Runing Sawitri, H. & Harsono, M. (2017). The impact of career development on employee performance: an empirical study of the public sector in Indonesia. International Review of Public Administration. Volume 22, Issue 3.

Networkers. (2017). The highs and lows of working in the public sector. Networkers.

Njeri Mwangi, E. (2016). Influence of Career Development on Service Delivery in the Public Sector. Strategic Journal of Business & Change Management. Vol. 3, No. 4

Nova Scotia. (2015). Pride in the Public Service. A Strategy to build pride and employee engagement in the Nova Scotia Public Service. Nova Scotia.

O’Donnell, S., Oppen, K., Wright, C. (2018). Women in Public Sector Science – From Analysis to Action. Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada.

OECD. (2004). Career Guidance and Public Policy. Bridging the Gap. OECD.

Ovsey, D. (2012). Show me the job security: Business students gravitating to civil service for employment protection. Financial Post.

Oxbridge Academy. (2017). How to Start a Career in the Public Sector. Oxbridge Academy

Palacios, M., Jacques, D., Lammam, C., Lafleur, S. (2018). Comparing Government and Private Sector Compensation in Ontario, 2018. Fraser Institute.

Polk, J. (2017). Why PhDs are well-suited to working in government. University Affairs.

Priestley, M. (2017). Career development in public administration. Open Access Government.

Prince Edward Island. (2018). Department offers career development opportunity for recent grads. Prince Edward Island.

Public Policy Forum, (2017). Building a Dynamic Future: The Next Generation of Public Service Talent. PPF.

PWC. (2013). Beyond attraction and retention: Indigenous career advancement in the public sector. Institute of Public Administration Australia-Victoria.

Pynes, J.E. (2004). The Implementation of Workforce and Succession Planning in the Public Sector. Sage Journals.

Quinn, J.F., Cahill, K.E., Giandrea, M.D. 92018). Transitions from Career Employment Among Public and Private-Sector. The National Bureau of Economic Research.

Rashid, S., Rashid, U. (2012). Work Motivation Differences between Public and Private Sector. American International Journal of Social Science, Vol. 1, No. 2.

Robinson, M. (2015). From Old Public Administration to the New Public Service. GCPSE.

Roberts, M. (2018). The Pros and Cons of Working for the Government. Thebalancecareers.

Rubin, C. (2010). How to Make a Career in Public Service. U.S. News.

Runge, J., Hudson-Sharp, N., and Rolfe, H. (2017). Use of Agency Workers in the Public Sector. National Institute of Economic and Social Research.

Ryan, L. (2017). Public Sector vs. Private Sector. Careers in Government.

Sharpies, J. (2018). Benefits of Working in Public Sector Research. Jobs.ac.uk.

Shuzhen, S. (2018). Setting the pace of public-private partnerships. Singapore Management University.

Smith, M. (2016). Deloitte: Automation set to transform public services. Deloitte.

Smith, P. (2017). 5 Reasons You Should Take a Job in Public Sector Procurement. Public Spend Forum.

Staff Reporter, (2018). Government will no longer require experience for first time job seekers. Personal Finance.

Staff Writer. (2018). Government is scrapping experience as a requirement for entry-level jobs – here’s what you need to know. Business Tech.

Surbhi, S. (2015). Difference Between Public and Private Sector. Key Differences.

Target Jobs (2018). Public sector security or private sector salary? Which should you opt for when making your graduate management career choice? Target Jobs.

Taylor, L. (2018). Retain and Gain. Career Management for Non-Profits and Charities. CERIC.

The Ontario Public Service. (2018). Developing Your Potential. The Ontario Public Service.

Timmis, S., Heselwood, L. Harwich, E. (2018). Sharing the benefits. How to use data effectively in the public sector. REFORM.

Valickas, A., Pilkauskaite Valickiene, R. (2012). The role of career development competencies on occupational identity construction in public sector. International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development.

Valickas, S., Grazulis, V. (2010). Development of Career System of Civil Service: the Lithuanian case. MRULabs

Ward, R. (2018). Planning for public sector diversity. The Guardian.

Williams, L. (2007). Five tips to kick start your public sector.  IT World Canada.

Wilson-Davis, T. (2018). Public Administration-Better or Not Here We Come: Making Changes Based on Challenges. PA Times.

Wrenn, J. (2016). What’s the Difference between Public and Private Grant Funding? Cayuse.