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Literature Search - older workers and career development Updated April 2019.pdfDownload 

Topics covered include:

  • Older workers retention,
  • Age discrimination,
  • Organizational support,
  • Retirement / working retirement,
  • Career satisfaction,
  • Older women in the labour force,
  • and more

Literature Search

Older Workers and Career Development

Updated April 2019

Acas (2016). Older workers want career development not retirement planning, says study. Acas.

Adams, S. (2007). Retaining Mature Workers a Solid Strategy. Business Edge News Magazine. 7 (9). Retrieved from http://www. Businessedge.ca/newsID/15294.

Alini, E. (2019). Too old for your job, too young to stop working. How ageism can scuttle your retirement plans. Global News.

Alley, D., & Crimmons, E. (2007). The demography of aging and work. In K.S. Shultz 7 G.A. Adams (Eds.), Aging and Work in the 21st Century (pp. 7-23). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Amble, B. (2006, May 22). Baby boomers look to a working retirement. Retrieved from: http://www.management-issues.com/2006é8/24/research.

Armstrong-Stassen, M., Ursel, N.D. (2009). Perceived organizational support, career satisfaction, and the retention of older workers. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. Volume 82, Issue 1, pages 201-220.

Armstrong-Stassen, M. (2008). “Factors associated with job content plateauing among older workers”. Career Development International, Vol. 13 Iss. 7 pp. 594-613.

Armstrong-Stassen, M., Schosser, F. (2008). “Benefits of a supportive development climate for older workers.” Journal of Managerial Psychology. Vol. 23 Iss. 4. Pp. 419-437.

Armstrong-Stassen, M., Cameron, S. (2005). “Factors related to the career satisfaction of older managerial and professional women.” Career Development International, Vol. 10, Iss. 3, pp. 203-215.

Arulmani, G., (2011). Pride and Prejudice: How do they matter to career development? Centre for Guidance Studies. University of Derby.

August, R.A. (2011). Women’s Later Life Career Development: Looking through the Lens of the Kaleidoscope. Career Model.

Avery, D.R., McKay, P.F., & Wilson, D.C. (2007). Engaging the aging workforce: The relationship between perceived age similarity, satisfaction with co-worker, and employee engagement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 1542-1556.

Backman, M. (2019). Older Workers Are Being Pushed Out of Their Jobs, and It’s a Problem. The Motley Fool.

BAM FP. (2019). The Future of Retirement Won’t Be a Cliff-Edge Goodbye to Work. BAM FP.

Barham, L., and Hawthorn, R. (2009). Age and stage: guidance for older adults. Edited by H.L. Reid, Institute of Career Guidance, Journal No. 1.

Barham, L. (2008). Career management skill and the older workforce. NICEC, National Institute for Career Education and Counselling.

Barnes, H., Smeaton, D., Taylor, R. (2009). The Ageing Workforce: The Employer’s Perspective. Institute for Employment Studies, UK.

Baugh, S.G., Sullivan, S. (2008). Maintaining Focus, Energy, and Options over the Career. IAP.

Beck, V. and Williams, G. (2016). Managing Older Workers: A report for Acas. Acas.

Bélanger, A., Carrière, Y., Sabourin, P. (2016). Understanding Employment Participation of Older Workers: The Canadian Perspective. Canadian Public Policy.

Berrell, N. (2011). Workforce participation and non-participation among baby boomers in Australia. Swineburne University of Technology.

Bertolino, M., Truxillo, D.M., Farccaroli, F. (2011). Age as moderator of the relationship of proactive personality with training motivation, perceived career development from training and training behavioral intentions. Journal of Organizational Behavior, Volume 32, Issue 2, pages 248-263.

Bery, P. (2006). Crossing the generational divide: supporting generational differences at work. Exchange. March/April pp. 73-78.

Billett, S., Dymock, D., Johnson, G. & Martin, G. (2011). Overcoming the paradox of employers’ views about older workers. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22 (6), 1248-1261.

Billett, S., Dymock, D., Martin, G. & Johnson, G. (2009). ‘Retaining and sustaining the competence of older workers: an Australian perspective.’ Paper presented at the Lifelong Learning Revisited: What Next? Conference, Stirling University, Scotland.

Billett, S. (2010). Promoting and supporting lifelong employability for Singapore’s workers aged 45 and over. Institute for Adult Learning, Singapore.

Bimrose, J., McMahon, M., and Watson, M. (2013). ‘Career trajectories of older women: implications for career guidance’. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling. 41 (5), 587-601.

Bimrose, J., and Hearne, L. (2012). ‘Resilience and Career Adaptability: Qualitative Studies of Adult Career Counselling.’ Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81 338-344.

Bonikowska, A., and Schellenberg, G. (2013). An Overview of the Working Lives of Older Baby Boomers. Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series, no. 352. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11F 0019M. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Boone James, J., McKechnie, S., Swanberg, J., Besen, E. (2013). “Exploring the workplace impact of intentional/unintentional age discrimination.” Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 28, Iss. 7/8, pp. 907-927.

Bosch, N., Der Weel, B. (2013). Labour-Market Outcomes of Older Workers in the Netherlands: Measuring Job Prospects Using the Occupational Age Structure. Institute for the Study of Labor.

Boveda, I., Metz, A.J. (2016). Predicting End-of-Career Transitions for Baby Boomers Nearing Retirement Age. Wiley Online Library.

Bowman, D. & Kimberley, H. (2011). Sidelined! Workforce participation and non-participation among baby boomers in Australia, Brotherhood of St. Laurence, Fitzroy, Vic.

Bowness, S. (Aug. 6, 2013). Older workers open new doors with help from a career coach. The Globe and Mail.

Brandon, E. (2016). How Employers Perceive Older Workers. U.S. News.

Brooke, L., & Taylor, P. (2005). Older workers and employment: Managing age relations. Ageing Society, 25(3), 415-429.

Brott, P.E. (2011). The Storied Approach: A Postmodern Perspective for Career Counselling. The Career Development Quarterly, Volume 49, Issue 4, Pages 304-313.

Brown, A. and Bimrose, J. (2011), ‘Changing patterns of guidance, learning and careers of older workers in Europe’, in Working and ageing: Guidance and Counselling for mature learners, 166-187, Editors: CEDEFOP (978-92-896-0851-0) Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Bui, Q. (2016). More Older People Are Finding Work, but What Kind? The New York Times.

Burch, J. (2016). Top 12 Reasons Why You Should Hire the Older Worker. Pro Resume Center.

Buyens, D., Van Diijk, H., Dewilde, T., & De Vos, A. (2009). The aging workforce: Perceptions of career ending. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 24(2), 102-117.

Cahill, K.E., Giandrea, M.D., and Quinn, J.F. (2011). “Re-entering the labor force after retirement.” Monthly Labor Review 134 (6): 34-42

Cahill, K.E., Giandrea, M.D. and Quinn, J.F. (2010). Employment patterns and Determinants Among Older Individuals with a History of Short Duration Jobs. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Working Paper 440. Washington, D.C..: US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Cahill, K.E., Giandrea, M.D., and Quinn, J.F. (2006). “Retirement patterns from career employment.The Gerontologist 46 (4): 514-523.

Canadian HR Reporter (2006). Unprepared for Aging Workers. Retrieved from http://www.go2hr.ca/ForbrEmployers/Recruitment/MatureWorkers/UnpreparedforAgingWorkers/tabid/1560/Default.aspx.

Carse, T., Griffin, B., & Lyons, M. (2017). The dark side of engagement for older workers. Journal of Personnnel Psychology, 16(4), 161-171.

Chatrakul Na Ayudhya, U., Schroder, H., Miles, L., Flynn, M. (2015). Understanding Older Workers’ Abilities to Exercise Choice when it Comes to Extending their Working Lives in Late Career. CIPD.

Claes, R., & Hayman, M. (2008). Long-term career development and employability HR professionals’ view on work motivation and retention of older workers: A focus group study. Career Development International Ltd, 13(2), 95-111.

Claes, R., Heymans, M. (2008). “HR professionals’ views on work motivation and retention of older workers: a focus group study”. Emerald 13.

Colebatch, T. (2009). ‘Retirement by 70 a fading hope for many’. The Age.

Conference Board of Canada (2007). Gray Skies, Silver Linings: How Companies are Forecasting, Managing, and Recruiting a Mature Workforce. Retrieved from http://www.conference-board.org/publications/describe.cfm/id=1392.

Cook, L. (2018). Ageism in the workplace ‘starts at 40’ for women. Financial Times.

Cook, S.L. (2015). Redirection: Work and Later Life Career Development. York University.

Corvers, F., Euwals, R., de Grip, A. (2011). Older workers often self-employed. CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.

Cowen, T. (2018). Forget New Robots. Keep Your Eye on the Old People. MSE.

Cox, A. (2016). Managing older workers. Employment Sudies Issue 23.

Damman, M. (2016). Blended Work and Employment Participation of Older Workers: A Further Discussion. Work, Aging and Retirement, Vol. 00, No. 00, pp. 1-6.

Daniel, K., and Heywood, J.S. (2007). The determinants of hiring older workers: UK evidence. Labour Economics. Vol. 14, No. 1, January pp. 35-51.

Davidson, P. (2019). Older workers are driving job growth as boomers remain in workforce longer. USA Today.

Denton, F.T., and Spencer, B.G. (2009). “What is Retirement? A Review and Assessment of Alternative Concepts and Measures.” Canadian Journal on Aging 28 (1): 63-76.

Depergola, V., Manuti, A. (2013). The Meaning of Working for Older Workers: A Qualitative Study in the Italian Public Sector. Journal of Business and Management Sciences 1,4: 63-70.

Desmette, D., Gaillard, M., (2008). “When a “worker” becomes an “older worker”: The effects of age-related social identity on attitudes towards retirement and work”. Career Development International, Vol. 13, Iss. 2, pp. 168-185.

Doyle, A. (2019). Age Discrimination Issues in the Workplace. Thebalancecareers.

Duhatschek, P. (2018). Older workers won’t move for a job and it’s costing our economy: Western prof. CBC

Dust, S.B., Wang, P., Lai, L. (2018). I’m Too Old for This: Time Demands and Older, Early-Career Employees’ Receptivity to Superviser Support. Sage Journals.

Eckert, D. (2010). “Frontiers of research on work and retirement.” Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences 65B (1): 69-80.

Edleson, H. (2015). After Years Out of a Job, Older Workers Find a Way Back In. The New York Times.

Egdell, V., Maclean, G., Raeside, R., and Chen, T. (2018). Age management in the workplace: manager and older worker accounts of policy and practice. Cambridge University Press Core.

Eisenberg, R. (2018). Good news (mostly) for workers and joib hunters over 50. MarketWatch.

Eisenberg, R. (2006). A Sneak Peek into the Future of Work and Retirement. Forbes.

Eisenberg, R. (2014). What Older Workers Want, But Aren’t Getting. Forbes.

Emling, S. (2018). Good News (mostly) for Job Seekers Over 50. MarketWatch.

Erickson, A.S., Noonan, P.M. (2010). Late-Career Adults in Online Education: A Rewarding Experience for Individuals Aged 50 to 65. Merlot Journal of Online Learning and Teaching. Vol. 6, No. 2.

Farrell, C. (2019). The New retirement: Purpose and a Paycheck. Forbes.

Farrell, C. (2019). Let’s Steal This Idea: A Business Incubator for People 60+. Forbes.

Farrell, C. (2019). 8 Policy Changes to Let Older Workers Work Longer. Forbes.

Farrell, C. (2018). These retirees Are Pushing to Save Their Pensions. Nextavenue.

Florentine, S. (2016). How older workers can thrive in IT. CIO.

Folger, J. (2018). The Most Popular Jobs for People 65 and Older. Investopedia.

Ford, R. (2005). Older Adult Learners in the Workforce. New Dimensions to Workforce Training Needs. Journal of Career Development, vol. 32 no. 2 139-152.

Fradera, A. (2016). Young bosses supervising older workers fosters resentment, harms performance. Research Digest.

Freedman, M. (2007). Encore: Finding work that matters in the second half of life. New York: Public Affairs.

Fuller, A., & Unwin, L. (2006). Older workers’ learning in changing workplace contexts: Barriers and opportunities. In T. Tikkanen & B. Nyhan (Eds.) Promoting lifelong learning for older workers: An international overview (pp. 257-270). Luxembourg: Office for Official Publication of the European Communities.

Gallucci, N. (2018). Ageism is becoming a major issue for corporations. The Globe and Mail.

Glass, A. (2007). “Understanding generational differences for competitive success.” Industrial and Commercial Training. Vol. 39 Iss. 2 pp. 98-103.

Gosselin, P. (2018). If You’re Over 50, Chances Are the Decision to Leave a Job Won’t be Yours. ProPublica.

Green, A.E. (2009). Older people and transitions from employment to non-employment: International perspectives and policy issues. The Professional Geographer, 61(1), 46-58.

Greller, M.M. (2012). Workforce planning with an aging workforce. In Jerry W. Hedge & Walter C. Borman (eds.) Oxford Handbook of Work and Aging. (Chapter 19, pp. 365-379.) New York: Oxford University Press.

Greller, M.M. (2006). Hours invested in professional development during late career as a function of career motivation and satisfaction. Career Development International, Vol. 11, 544-559.

Griffin, T., and Beddie, F. (Eds.) (2010). Older workers: research readings. NCVER, Australia

Griffiths, A. (2007). ‘Healthy work for older workers: work design and management factors.’ In Loretto W. et al., The future for older workers: New perspectives. Policy Press.

Gu, Q. (2009). Self-Employment among Older Workers. Thesis, Pardee Rand Graduate School.

Halpert, J. (2018). The suddenly hot job market for workers over 50. CNBC.

Hannon, K. (2016). 5 Workplaces That Embrace Older Workers. Forbes.

Hansen, J-I. C., Leuty, M.E. Work Values across Generations. Journal of Career Assessment vol. 20 no. 1 34-52.

Hansen, K. (2016). Positive Attitude is Key for Older Workers and Job Seekers. Quintessenti.

Hansen, K. (2010). Approaches and Tactics for Older Workers Who Can’t Find a Job, Jobs by indeed.

Harris, S.D. (2018). The Future of Work and its Effects on Retirement. Jackson.

Harris, B. (2017). The job market is booming for older workers. World Economic Forum.

Hatcher, B.J. (Ed.), Bleich, M.R., Connolly, C., Davis, K., O`Neill Hewitt, P., and Stokley Hill, K. (2006). Wisdom at Work: The Importance of the Older and Experienced Nurse in the Workplace. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

Hedge, J.W., Borman, W.C. (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Work and Aging. Oxford University Press.

Hennekam, S. (2016). Competencies of older workers and its influence on career success and job satisfaction. Employee Relations, Vol. 38 Iss:2, pp. 130-146.

Hertel, G., van der Heijden, B.I.J.M., de Lange, A.H., Deller, J. (2013). « Facilitating age diversity in organizations – part 1 : Challenging popular misbeliefs. » Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 28 Iss. 7/8, pp. 729-740.

Hertel, G., van de Heijden, B.I.J.M., de Lange, A.H., Deller, J. (2013). « Facilitating age diversity in organizations – part ii : Managing perceptions and interactions ». Journal of Managerial Psychology. Vol. 28 Iss. 7/8, pp. 857-866.

Hess, N. Jepson, D.M. (2009). “Career stage and generational differences in psychological contracts.” Career Development International, Vol. 14 Iss. 3, pp. 261-283.

Hill, J. (2018). Can Older Workers Thrive in a Youth-Obsessed Business Culture? PacerMomitor.

Hotopp, U. (2005). ‘The employment rate of older workers’. Labour Market Trends, February: 73-88.

Irvine, T. (2011). Canada`s Aging Workforce: Are you ready for the Silver Tsunamis. Reeves Blog.

Israel, D. (2019). Go Your Own Way: How to Take Your Career in a Totally Different Direction. Zoomer.

James, K. (2018). Building an Intergenerational Workplace and Avoiding Age Discrimination. Canadian Centre for Elder Law.

Jenki9ns, J.A. (2019). An ageing workforce isn’t a burden. It’s an opportunity. World Economic Forum.

Jenkinson, K., Clayton-Hathway, K., Fairbrother, L., and Lambley, C. (2008). Labour Market and Training Experiences of Older Workers in the West Midlands, West Midlands Learning and Skills Council.

Kaufman, J. (2017). When the Boss is Half Your Age. The New York Times.

Kantarci, R. and van Soest, A. (2008). “Gradual retirement: Preferences and limitations.” The Economist 156 (2): 113-144.

Kirk, J.J., Belovics, R. (2011). Recommendations and resources for counseling older workers. Journal of Employment Counselling, 42: 50-59.

Kirker, N. (2012). Older women workers – will they be ready for future workplace? Thesis, Auckland University of Technology.

Klein, K. (2016). Older and wiser: How to hold on to your experienced workforce. World Economic Forum.

Klein, W.C. (2009). Redefining Retirement Years: Productive Engagement of the Older Workforce. The Connecticut Commission on Aging.

Koba, M. (2013). Returnships for older workers: Proceed with caution. Opportunity USA.

Kolko, J. (2017). 3 Reasons Why Older Workers are the Future of Work. Indeed Blog.

Koenig, R. (2018). How to Compete in the Job Market as an Older Worker. USNews.

Kooij, D., de Lange, A., Jansen, P. & Dikkers, J. (2008). Older workers’ motivation to continue to work: Five meanings of age: A conceptual review. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23(4), 364-394.

Kroeger, J. (2010). Organizational Benefits of Retaining Older Workers. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.

Kulik, C.T. (2017). Keeping mature-age workers on the job. The Conversation.

Kyndt, E., Michielsen, M., Van Nooten, L., Nijs, S., & Baert, H. (2011). Learning in the second half of the career: stimulating and prohibiting reasons for participation in formal learning activities. International Journal of Lifelong Education. Volume 30, Issue 5.

LaReau, J.L. (2018). How automakers are helping older workers return to the job. Detroit Free Press.

Lecours, A., Lord, M-M., Negrini, A., Robitaille, R. (2019). How doesa returning to work after retirement influence older worker’s health? A scoping review protocol. BMJ.

Lee, J. (2017). Employers challenged by trends towards delayed retirement. Benefits.

Lefebvre, P., Merrigan, P. and Michaud, P-C. (2011). The Recent Evolution of Retirement Patterns in Canada. Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) discussion paper no. 5979. Bonn, Germany: Institute for the Study of Labor.

Loretto, W., Vickerstaff, S., White, P. (2010). Older workers and options for flexible work. Universities of Edinburgh and Kent.

Loretto, W. (2010). Work and retirement in an ageing world: the case of older workers in the UK. 21st Century Society: Journal of the Academy of Social Sciences, 5(3), 279-294.

Loretto, W., & White, P. (2006a). Work, more work and retirement: Older workers’ perspectives. Social Policy and Society, 5(4), 495-506.

Loretto, W., & White, P. (2006b). Population ageing and older workers: Employers’ perceptions, attitudes and policies. Human Resource Management Journal. 12(5), 341-352.

Lytle, M.C., Clancy, M.E., Foley, P.F., and Cotter, E.W. (2015). Current Trends in Retirement: Implications for Career Counseling and Vocational Psychology. Journal Career Development, 42(3).: 170-184.

Macleod, A., Worman, D., Wilton, P., Woodman, P., and Hutchings, P. (2010). Managing an ageing workforce. Chartered Management Institute.

Macon, M., Artley, J.B. (2009). Can’t We All Just Get Along? A Review of the Challenges and Opportunities in a Multigenerational Workforce. International Journal of Business Research, Vol. 9 Issue 6, p. 90-94.

Marvell, R. and Cox, A. (2017). What do older workers value about work and why? IES.

Matthijs Bal, P., Jansen, P.G.W. (2016). Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, Emerald Insight.

Maurer, T.J., Barbeite, F.G., Weiss, E.M., Lippstreu, M. (2008). “New measures of stereotypical beliefs about older workers’ ability and desire for development: Exploration among employees age 40and over”, Journal of Management Psychology, Vol. 23 Iss. 4, pp. 395-418.

Maestas, N. (2010). “Back to work: Expectations and realizations of work after retirement.The Journal of Human Resources 45 (3): 718-748.

McCann, B. (2008). When Words Get Old: Ageist Language Undercuts Workers, Companies. University of Southern California Marshall School of Business. McCann, B. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.marshall.usc.edu/new/all-articles/when-words-get.html.

McCarthy, P. (2007). The Boundaryless Career: Is there a Disparity between Theory, Practice and Worker Desire in Relation to Older Workers? Thesis, Swinburne University, Melbourne, Australia.

McGregor, J. (2016). Having a younger boss isn’t just awkward. New research suggests it could also hurt performance. The Washington Post.

McMahan, S., & Sturz, D. (2006). Implications for an aging workforce. Journal of Education for Business, 82(1), 50-55.

McMahon, M., Watson, M., & Bimrose, J. (2013). ‘Older women’s careers: Systemic Perspectives, in Conceptualizing women’s working lives: Moving the boundaries of our discourse, 119-133, Editors: W. Patton, Sense3 Publishers.

McMahon, M., Watson, M. and Bimrose, J. (2012). ‘Career Adaptability: A Qualitative Understanding from the Stories of Older Women’, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80 762-768.

McMahon, M. (2010). Older Women’s Career Development and Social Inclusion. Australian Journal of Career Development. Vol. 19 no. 1 63-70.

McNair, S., Flynn, M., and Dutton, N. (2007). Employer responses to an ageing workforce: a qualitative study. Department for Work and Pensions research Report No. 455. Leeds: HMSO.

McPherson, M., (2008a). Boomers and Beyond. Retrieved from http://www.eeotrust.org.nz/content/docs/reports/Recruiters%20on%20older%20workers.doc

McPherson, M. (2008b). Older workers speak out: Age and experience is actually a good thing. Retrieved from http://www.eeotrust.org.nz/content/docs/reports/Older%20workers%20research%20report.doc

Miller, M. (2018). This is why companies need to embrace older workers. World Economic Forum.

Miller, M. (2018). Companies need older workers: here is why. Reuters.

Miller, M. and Reuters. (2016). Older American Workers Are Still Struggling to Find Jobs. Fortune.

Miller, S., Simon, J., and Schneider, G. (2011). Career Pathways and Career Counseling for the 50+ workforce. CAEL, the Council for Adults & Experiential Learning.

Moen, P., Kojola, E., and Schaefers, K. (2016). Organizational Change Around an Older Workforce. The Gerontologist.

Molinero, H.Y. (2016). Older Workers and Employment Policies: Which Role Do The Social Partners Play? IUSLabor.

Moore, S. (2009). No matter what I did I would still end up in the same position: Age as a factor defining older women’s experience of labour market participation. Work Employment and Society, 23(4), 655-671.

Morisi, T. (2016). Why More People Ages 55+ are Working. U.S. Department of Labor Blog.

Moxnes, K. (2013). Work Design and Older Workers: A Qualitative Comparison between Two Established Models in a Norwegian Knowledge-Intensive Company. Thesis, University of Oslo.

Munnell, A.H., Walters, A.N. (2019). Proposals to Keep Older People in the Labor Force. Northwestern Kellog School of Management.

Munnell, A.H., Yanyuan Wu, A. (2010). Do Older Workers Squeeze Out Younger Workers? Evidence from the United States and China. Centre for Retirement Research, Boston College.

New York Times: To be graying but still working.” (March 1, 2001) “Help wanted: Older workers please apply.” (March 23, 2005); “Financially-set grandparents help keep families afloat, too.” (July 14, 2005).

Nishil, L.H., and Bruyere, S. (2011) Ageism and the Retention of High Performers: The Positive Impact of Three Forms of Inclusion. Cornell University, SHRM Foundation

Neumark, D., Burn, I., and Button, P. (2017). Age Discrimination and Hiring of Older Workers. Ideas.

Nichols Jones, S. (2018). Ageism is alive and thriving in our workforce, limiting older employees, say experts. CPA.

Nogrady, B. (2017). Age discrimination: older Australian workers viewed as slow to learn. The Guardian.

Palmer, K. (2017). 10 Things You Should Know About Age Discrimination. AARP.

Parker, K. (2018). Opinion: It’s time for companies to end the oibsession with millenials and hire older workers with skills and expertisae. MarketWatch.

Paterson, J. (2017). Employers must prepare for retirees’ ‘encore’ careers. Morneau Shepell.

Pillay, H., Kelly, K., Tones, M. (2006). Career aspirations of older workers: An Australian study. International Journal of Training and Development. Volume 10, Issue 4, pages 298-305.

Platka, I., Principals in Late Career: Toward a Conceptualization of Principals’ Tasks and Experiences in the Pre-retirement Period. Educational Administration Quarterly, vol. 46, no. 5 776-815.

Portland State University, (2018). Why older workers might be more stressed than younger ones. ScienceDaily.

Poscia, A., Moscato, U., Ignazio La Milia, D., Milovanovic, S., Stojanovic, J., Borghini, A., Collamati, A., Ricciardi, W., and Magnavita, N. (2016). Workplace health promotion for older workers: a systematic literature review. BMC Health Serv. Res. 16(Suppl5): 329.

Radovic-Markovic, M. (2013). An Aging Workforce: Employment Opportunities and Obstacles. Cadmus.

Riggs, K.E., (2005). Granny @ work, aging and new technology on the job in America. New York: Routledge.

Rivers, C., and Barnett, C. (2016). Older workers can be more reliable and productive than their younger counterparts. Recode.

Robson, S.M., Hansson, R.O., Abalos, A., Booth, M. (2006). Successful Aging: Criteria for Aging Well in the Workplace. Journal of Career Development. Vol. 33 no. 2 156-177.

Rodriguez-Cifuentes, F., Farfin, J., and Topa, G. (2018). Older Worker Identity and Job Performance: The Moderator Role of Subjective Age and Self-Efficacy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(12).

Rudolph, C.W., Zacher, H., and Scheibe, S. (2017). Editorial: Advances in research on Age in the Workplace and retirement. Frontiers in Psychology, 8: 2147.

Russell, M.M. (2007). The Other Side of 55: Older Worker Preparation for Reemployment. American Counselling Association.

Schawbel, D. (2017). 10 Workplace Trends You’ll See in 2018. Forbes.

Schwartz, J., Monahan, K., Hatfield, S., Anderson, S. (2018). No time to retire. Redesigning work for our aging workforce. Deloitte Insights.

Schellenberg, G.M., Turcotte, M., and Ram, B. (2005). “Post-retirement employment.” Perspectives on Labour and Income 6 (9). Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-011-X.

Schirle, T. (2010). “Health, pensions, and the retirement decision: Evidence from Canada.” Canadian Journal on Aging 29 (4): 519-527.

Schirle, T. (2008). “Why have the labour force participation rates of older men increased since the mid-1990s? Journal of Labour Economics 26 (4): 549-594.

Schneider, H. (2019). Older workers helped fuel recent U.S. growth. Can it last? Reuters.

Self, M. (2016). Workplace Diversity Means Employees of All Ages. Digitalist.

Selingo, J. (2018). The False Promises of Worker Retraining. The Atlantic.

Shultz, K.S., Adams, G.A. (2012). Aging and Work in the 21st Century. Psychology Press.

Singh, A.K., and Singh, A.P. (2010). Career Stage and Organizational Citizenship Behaviour among Indian Managers. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, vol. 36, no. 2, 268-275.

Slagter, F. (2007). “Knowledge management among the older workforce”. Journal of Knowledge Management. Vol. 11 Iss. 4 pp. 82-96.

Sloan-Seale, A., Kops, B. (2013). An Aging Workforce: A Manitoba Perspective. Canadian Journal of University Continuing Education, Vol 39, No. 1.

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