• Version
  • 235 Download
  • 142.25 KB File Size
  • 1 File Count
  • March 6, 2015 Create Date
  • May 17, 2018 Last Updated
Literature Search older workers and career development Updated December 2016Download 

Topics covered include:

  • Older workers retention,
  • Age discrimination,
  • Organizational support,
  • Retirement / working retirement,
  • Career satisfaction,
  • Older women in the labour force,
  • and more

Literature Search

Older Workers and Career Development

Updated December 2016

Adams, S. (2007). Retaining Mature Workers a Solid Strategy. Business Edge News Magazine. 7 (9). Retrieved from http://www. Businessedge.ca/newsID/15294.

Adams, S.J. (2004). ‘Age discrimination legislation and the employment of older workers’ Labour Economics, 11, 219-241

Alley, D., & Crimmons, E. (2007). The demography of aging and work. In K.S. Shultz 7 G.A. Adams (Eds.), Aging and Work in the 21st Century (pp. 7-23). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Amble, B. (2006, May 22). Baby boomers look to a working retirement. Retrieved from: http://www.management-issues.com/2006é8/24/research.

Armstrong-Stassen, M., Ursel, N.D. (2009). Perceived organizational support, career satisfaction, and the retention of older workers. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. Volume 82, Issue 1, pages 201-220.

Armstrong-Stassen, M. (2008). “Factors associated with job content plateauing among older workers”. Career Development International, Vol. 13 Iss. 7 pp. 594-613.

Armstrong-Stassen, M., Schosser, F. (2008). “Benefits of a supportive development climate for older workers.” Journal of Managerial Psychology. Vol. 23 Iss. 4. Pp. 419-437.

Armstrong-Stassen, M., Cameron, S. (2005). “Factors related to the career satisfaction of older managerial and professional women.” Career Development International, Vol. 10, Iss. 3, pp. 203-215.

Arulmani, G., (2011). Pride and Prejudice: How do they matter to career development? Centre for Guidance Studies. University of Derby.

August, R.A. (2011). Women’s Later Life Career Development: Looking through the Lens of the Kaleidoscope. Career Model.

Avery, D.R., McKay, P.F., & Wilson, D.C. (2007). Engaging the aging workforce: The relationship between perceived age similarity, satisfaction with co-worker, and employee engagement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 1542-1556.

Barham, L., and Hawthorn, R. (2009). Age and stage: guidance for older adults. Edited by H.L. Reid, Institute of Career Guidance, Journal No. 1.

Barham, L. (2008). Career management skill and the older workforce. NICEC, National Institute for Career Education and Counselling.

Barnes, H., Smeaton, D., Taylor, R. (2009). The Ageing Workforce: The Employer’s Perspective. Institute for Employment Studies, UK.

Baugh, S.G., Sullivan, S. (2008). Maintaining Focus, Energy, and Options over the Career. IAP.

Beck, V. and Williams, G. (2016). Managing Older Workers: A report for Acas. Acas.

Bélanger, A., Carrière, Y., Sabourin, P. (2016). Understanding Employment Participation of Older Workers: The Canadian Perspective. Canadian Public Policy.

Berrell, N. (2011). Workforce participation and non-participation among baby boomers in Australia. Swineburne University of Technology.

Bertolino, M., Truxillo, D.M., Farccaroli, F. (2011). Age as moderator of the relationship of proactive personality with training motivation, perceived career development from training and training behavioral intentions. Journal of Organizational Behavior, Volume 32, Issue 2, pages 248-263.

Bery, P. (2006). Crossing the generational divide: supporting generational differences at work. Exchange. March/April pp. 73-78.

Billett, S., Dymock, D., Johnson, G. & Martin, G. (2011). Overcoming the paradox of employers’ views about older workers. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22 (6), 1248-1261.

Billett, S., Dymock, D., Martin, G. & Johnson, G. (2009). ‘Retaining and sustaining the competence of older workers: an Australian perspective.’ Paper presented at the Lifelong Learning Revisited: What Next? Conference, Stirling University, Scotland.

Billett, S. (2010). Promoting and supporting lifelong employability for Singapore’s workers aged 45 and over. Institute for Adult Learning, Singapore.

Bimrose, J., McMahon, M., and Watson, M. (2013). ‘Career trajectories of older women: implications for career guidance’. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling. 41 (5), 587-601.

Bimrose, J., and Hearne, L. (2012). ‘ Resilience and Career Adaptability: Qualitative Studies of Adult Career Counselling.’ Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81 338-344.

Bonikowska, A., and Schellenberg, G. (2013). An Overview of the Working Lives of Older Baby Boomers. Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series, no. 352. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11F 0019M. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Boone James, J., McKechnie, S., Swanberg, J., Besen, E. (2013). “Exploring the workplace impact of intentional/unintentional age discrimination.” Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 28, Iss. 7/8, pp. 907-927.

Bosch, N., Der Weel, B. (2013). Labour-Market Outcomes of Older Workers in the Netherlands: Measuring Job Prospects Using the Occupational Age Structure. Institute for the Study of Labor.

Bowman, D. & Kimberley, H. (2011). Sidelined! Workforce participation and non-participation among baby boomers in Australia, Brotherhood of St. Laurence, Fitzroy, Vic.

Bowness, S. (Aug. 6, 2013). Older workers open new doors with help from a career coach. The Globe and Mail.

Brooke, L., & Taylor, P. (2005). Older workers and employment: Managing age relations. Ageing Society, 25(3), 415-429.

Brott, P.E. (2011). The Storied Approach: A Postmodern Perspective for Career Counselling. The Career Development Quarterly, Volume 49, Issue 4, Pages 304-313.

Brown, A. and Bimrose, J. (2011), ‘Changing patterns of guidance, learning and careers of older workers in Europe’, in Working and ageing: Guidance and Counselling for mature learners, 166-187, Editors: CEDEFOP (978-92-896-0851-0) Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Burch, J. (2016). Top 12 Reasons Why You Should Hire the Older Worker. Pro Resume Center.

Buyens, D., Van Diijk, H., Dewilde, T., & De Vos, A. (2009). The aging workforce: Perceptions of career ending. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 24(2), 102-117.

Cahill, K.E., Giandrea, M.D., and Quinn, J.F. (2011). “Re-entering the labor force after retirement.” Monthly Labor Review 134 (6): 34-42

Cahill, K.E., Giandrea, M.D. and Quinn, J.F. (2010). Employment patterns and Determinants Among Older Individuals with a History of Short Duration Jobs. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Working Paper 440. Washington, D.C..: US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Cahill, K.E., Giandrea, M.D., and Quinn, J.F. (2006). “ Retirement patterns from career employment.” The Gerontologist 46 (4): 514-523.

Canadian HR Reporter (2006). Unprepared for Aging Workers. Retrieved from http://www.go2hr.ca/ForbrEmployers/Recruitment/MatureWorkers/UnpreparedforAgingWorkers/tabid/1560/Default.aspx.

Chatrakul Na Ayudhya, U., Schroder, H., Miles, L., Flynn, M. (2015). Understanding Older Workers’ Abilities to Exercise Choice when it Comes to Extending their Working Lives in Late Career. CIPD.

Claes, R., & Hayman, M. (2008). Long-term career development and employability HR professionals’ view on work motivation and retention of older workers: A focus group study. Career Development International Ltd, 13(2), 95-111.

Claes, R., Heymans, M. (2008). “HR professionals’ views on work motivation and retention of older workers: a focus group study”. Emerald 13.

Colebatch, T. (2009). ‘Retirement by 70 a fading hope for many’. The Age.

Conference Board of Canada (2007). Gray Skies, Silver Linings: How Companies are Forecasting, Managing, and Recruiting a Mature Workforce. Retrieved from http://www.conference-board.org/publications/describe.cfm/id=1392.

Cook, S.L. (2015). Redirection: Work and Later Life Career Development. York University.

Corvers, F., Euwals, R., de Grip, A. (2011). Older workers often self-employed. CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.

Cox, A. (2016). Managing older workers. Employment Sudies Issue 23.

Damman, M. (2016). Blended Work and Employment Participation of Older Workers: A Further Discussion. Work, Aging and Retirement, Vol. 00, No. 00, pp. 1-6.

Daniel, K., and Heywood, J.S. (2007). The determinants of hiring older workers: UK evidence. Labour Economics. Vol. 14, No. 1, January pp. 35-51.

Denton, F.T., and Spencer, B.G. (2009). “What is Retirement? A Review and Assessment of Alternative Concepts and Measures.” Canadian Journal on Aging 28 (1): 63-76.

Depergola, V., Manuti, A. (2013). The Meaning of Working for Older Workers: A Qualitative Study in the Italian Public Sector. Journal of Business and Management Sciences 1,4: 63-70.

Desmette, D., Gaillard, M., (2008). “ When a “worker” becomes an “older worker”: The effects of age-related social identity on attitudes towards retirement and work”. Career Development International, Vol. 13, Iss. 2, pp. 168-185.

Duncan, C., Loretto, W. (2004). Never the Right Age? Gender and Age-Based Discrimination in Employment? Gender, Work & Organization. Volume 11, Issue 1, pages 95-115.

Eckert, D. (2010). “Frontiers of research on work and retirement.” Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences 65B (1): 69-80.

Edleson, H. (2015). After Years Out of a Job, Older Workers Find a Way Back In. The New York Times.

Eisenberg, R. (2014). What Older Workers Want, But Aren’t Getting. Forbes.

Erickson, A.S., Noonan, P.M. (2010). Late-Career Adults in Online Education: A Rewarding Experience for Individuals Aged 50 to 65. Merlot Journal of Online Learning and Teaching. Vol. 6, No. 2.

Ford, R. (2005). Older Adult Learners in the Workforce. New Dimensions to Workforce Training Needs. Journal of Career Development, vol. 32 no. 2 139-152.

Freedman, M. (2007). Encore: Finding work that matters in the second half of life. New York: Public Affairs.

Fuller, A., & Unwin, L. (2006). Older workers’ learning in changing workplace contexts: Barriers and opportunities. In T. Tikkanen & B. Nyhan (Eds.) Promoting lifelong learning for older workers: An international overview (pp. 257-270). Luxembourg: Office for Official Publication of the European Communities.

Garstka, T.A., Schmitt, M.T., Branscombe, N.R., & Hummert, M.L. (2004). How young and older adults differ in their responses to perceived age discrimination. Psychology and Aging, 19, 326-335.

Glass, A. (2007). “ Understanding generational differences for competitive success.” Industrial and Commercial Training. Vol. 39 Iss. 2 pp. 98-103.

Godwin, K. (2004). ‘Age Diversity: the story so far’. Equal Opportunities Review. No. 131: 7-16.

Green, A.E. (2009). Older people and transitions from employment to non-employment: International perspectives and policy issues. The Professional Geographer, 61(1), 46-58.

Greller, M.M. (2012). Workforce planning with an aging workforce. In Jerry W. Hedge & Walter C. Borman (eds.) Oxford Handbook of Work and Aging. (Chapter 19, pp. 365-379.) New York: Oxford University Press.

Greller, M.M. (2006). Hours invested in professional development during late career as a function of career motivation and satisfaction. Career Development International, Vol. 11, 544-559.

Griffin, T., and Beddie, F. (Eds.) (2010). Older workers: research readings. NCVER, Australia

Griffiths, A. (2007). ‘Healthy work for older workers: work design and management factors.’ In Loretto W. et al., The future for older workers: New perspectives. Policy Press.

Gu, Q. (2009). Self-Employment among Older Workers. Thesis, Pardee Rand Graduate School.

Hansen, J-I. C., Leuty, M.E. Work Values across Generations. Journal of Career Assessment vol. 20 no. 1 34-52.

Hansen, K. (2016). Positive Attitude is Key for Older Workers and Job Seekers. Quintessenti.

Hansen, K. (2010). Approaches and Tactics for Older Workers Who Can’t Find a Job, Jobs by indeed.

Harper, M.C., Shoffner, M.F. (2004). Counselling for Continued Career Development after Retirement: An Application of the Theory of Work Adjustment. The Career Development Quarterly, Volume 52, Issue 3, pages 272-284.

Hatcher, B.J. (Ed.), Bleich, M.R., Connolly, C., Davis, K., O`Neill Hewitt, P., and Stokley Hill, K. (2006). Wisdom at Work: The Importance of the Older and Experienced Nurse in the Workplace. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

Hedge, J.W., Borman, W.C. (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Work and Aging. Oxford University Press.

Hennekam, S. (2016). Competencies of older workers and its influence on career success and job satisfaction. Employee Relations, Vol. 38 Iss:2, pp. 130-146.

Hertel, G., van der Heijden, B.I.J.M., de Lange, A.H., Deller, J. (2013). « Facilitating age diversity in organizations – part 1 : Challenging popular misbeliefs. » Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 28 Iss. 7/8, pp. 729-740.

Hertel, G., van de Heijden, B.I.J.M., de Lange, A.H., Deller, J. (2013). « Facilitating age diversity in organizations – part ii : Managing perceptions and interactions ». Journal of Managerial Psychology. Vol. 28 Iss. 7/8, pp. 857-866.

Hess, N. Jepson, D.M. (2009). “ Career stage and generational differences in psychological contracts.” Career Development International, Vol. 14 Iss. 3, pp. 261-283.

Hotopp, U. (2005). ‘The employment rate of older workers’. Labour Market Trends, February: 73-88.

Irvine, T. (2011). Canada`s Aging Workforce: Are you ready for the Silver Tsunamis. Reeves Blog.

Jenkinson, K., Clayton-Hathway, K., Fairbrother, L., and Lambley, C. (2008). Labour Market and Training Experiences of Older Workers in the West Midlands, West Midlands Learning and Skills Council.

Jensen, P.H. (2004). ‘ Ageing and Work: from Early Exit to Late Exit in Denmark.’ In Maltby, T., de Vroom, B., Mirabile, M.L. and Overbye, E. (eds.) Ageing and the Transition to Retirement. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Kanfer, R., and Ackerman, P.L. (2004). Aging, Adult Development, and Work Motivation. Academy of Management Review. Vol. 29, no. 3 440-458.

Kantarci, R. and van Soest, A. (2008). “Gradual retirement: Preferences and limitations.” The Economist 156 (2): 113-144.

Karmel, T. & Woods, D. (2004). Lifelong learning and older workers, NCVER, Adelaide.

Kirk, J.J., Belovics, R. (2011). Recommendations and resources for counseling older workers. Journal of Employment Counselling, 42: 50-59.

Kirker, N. (2012). Older women workers – will they be ready for future workplace? Thesis, Auckland University of Technology.

Klein, K. (2016). Older and wiser: How to hold on to your experienced workforce. World Economic Forum.

Klein, W.C. (2009). Redefining Retirement Years: Productive Engagement of the Older Workforce. The Connecticut Commission on Aging.

Koba, M. (2013). Returnships for older workers: Proceed with caution. Opportunity USA.

Kooij, D., de Lange, A., Jansen, P. & Dikkers, J. (2008). Older workers’ motivation to continue to work: Five meanings of age: A conceptual review. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23(4), 364-394.

Kroeger, J. (2010). Organizational Benefits of Retaining Older Workers. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.

Kyndt, E., Michielsen, M., Van Nooten, L., Nijs, S., & Baert, H. (2011 ). Learning in the second half of the career: stimulating and prohibiting reasons for participation in formal learning activities. International Journal of Lifelong Education. Volume 30, Issue 5.

Lefebvre, P., Merrigan, P. and Michaud, P-C. (2011). The Recent Evolution of Retirement Patterns in Canada. Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) discussion paper no. 5979. Bonn, Germany: Institute for the Study of Labor.

Loretto, W., Vickerstaff, S., White, P. (2010). Older workers and options for flexible work. Universities of Edinburgh and Kent.

Loretto, W. (2010). Work and retirement in an ageing world: the case of older workers in the UK. 21st Century Society: Journal of the Academy of Social Sciences, 5(3), 279-294.

Loretto, W., & White, P. (2006a). Work, more work and retirement: Older workers’ perspectives. Social Policy and Society, 5(4), 495-506.

Loretto, W., & White, P. (2006b). Population ageing and older workers: Employers’ perceptions, attitudes and policies. Human Resource Management Journal. 12(5), 341-352.

Lytle, M.C., Clancy, M.E., Foley, P.F., and Cotter, E.W. (2015). Current Trends in Retirement: Implications for Career Counseling and Vocational Psychology. Journal Career Development, 42(3).: 170-184.

Macleod, A., Worman, D., Wilton, P., Woodman, P., and Hutchings, P. (2010). Managing an ageing workforce. Chartered Management Institute.

Macon, M., Artley, J.B. (2009). Can’t We All Just Get Along? A Review of the Challenges and Opportunities in a Multigenerational Workforce. International Journal of Business Research, Vol. 9 Issue 6, p. 90-94.

Matthijs Bal, P., Jansen, P.G.W. (2016). Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, Emerald Insight.

Maurer, T.J., Barbeite, F.G., Weiss, E.M., Lippstreu, M. (2008). “New measures of stereotypical beliefs about older workers’ ability and desire for development: Exploration among employees age 40and over”, Journal of Management Psychology, Vol. 23 Iss. 4, pp. 395-418.

Maestas, N. (2010). “Back to work: Expectations and realizations of work after retirement.The Journal of Human Resources 45 (3): 718-748.

McCann, B. (2008). When Words Get Old: Ageist Language Undercuts Workers, Companies. University of Southern California Marshall School of Business. McCann, B. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.marshall.usc.edu/new/all-articles/when-words-get.html.

McCarthy, P. (2007). The Boundaryless Career: Is there a Disparity between Theory, Practice and Worker Desire in Relation to Older Workers? Thesis, Swinburne University, Melbourne, Australia.

McMahan, S., & Sturz, D. (2006). Implications for an aging workforce. Journal of Education for Business, 82(1), 50-55.

McMahon, M., Watson, M., & Bimrose, J. (2013). ‘Older women’s careers: Systemic Perspectives, in Conceptualizing women’s working lives: Moving the boundaries of our discourse, 119-133, Editors: W. Patton, Sense3 Publishers.

McMahon, M., Watson, M. and Bimrose, J. (2012). ‘Career Adaptability: A Qualitative Understanding from the Stories of Older Women’, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80 762-768.

McMahon, M. (2010). Older Women’s Career Development and Social Inclusion. Australian Journal of Career Development. Vol. 19 no. 1 63-70.

McNair, S., Flynn, M., and Dutton, N. (2007). Employer responses to an ageing workforce: a qualitative study. Department for Work and Pensions research Report No. 455. Leeds: HMSO.

McPherson, M., (2008a). Boomers and Beyond. Retrieved from http://www.eeotrust.org.nz/content/docs/reports/Recruiters%20on%20older%20workers.doc

McPherson, M. (2008b). Older workers speak out: Age and experience is actually a good thing. Retrieved from http://www.eeotrust.org.nz/content/docs/reports/Older%20workers%20research%20report.doc

Miller, S., Simon, J., and Schneider, G. (2011). Career Pathways and Career Counseling for the 50+ workforce. CAEL, the Council for Adults & Experiential Learning.

Molinero, H.Y. (2016). Older Workers and Employment Policies: Which Role Do The Social Partners Play? IUSLabor.

Moore, S. (2009). No matter what I did I would still end up in the same position: Age as a factor defining older women’s experience of labour market participation. Work Employment and Society, 23(4), 655-671.

Moxnes, K. (2013). Work Design and Older Workers: A Qualitative Comparison between Two Established Models in a Norwegian Knowledge-Intensive Company. Thesis, University of Oslo.

Munnell, A.H., Yanyuan Wu, A. (2010). Do Older Workers Squeeze Out Younger Workers? Evidence from the United States and China. Centre for Retirement Research, Boston College.

Nelson, T.D. (2004). Ageism: Stereotyping and Prejudice Against Older Persons. MIT Press.

New York Times: To be graying but still working.” (March 1, 2001) “Help wanted: Older workers please apply.” (March 23, 2005); “Financially-set grandparents help keep families afloat, too.” (July 14, 2005).

Nishil, L.H., and Bruyere, S. (2011) Ageism and the Retention of High Performers: The Positive Impact of Three Forms of Inclusion. Cornell University, SHRM Foundation

Phillipson, C. (2004). ‘Older Workers and Retirement: Critical Perspectives on the Research Literature and Policy Implications.’ Social Policy and Society. 3, 2: 189-95.

Pillay, H., Kelly, K., Tones, M. (2006). Career aspirations of older workers: An Australian study. International Journal of Training and Development. Volume 10, Issue 4, pages 298-305.

Platka, I., Principals in Late Career: Toward a Conceptualization of Principals’ Tasks and Experiences in the Pre-retirement Period. Educational Administration Quarterly, vol. 46, no. 5 776-815.

Poscia, A., Moscato, U., Ignazio La Milia, D., Milovanovic, S., Stojanovic, J., Borghini, A., Collamati, A., Ricciardi, W., and Magnavita, N. (2016). Workplace health promotion for older workers: a systematic literature review. BMC Health Serv. Res. 16(Suppl5): 329.

Radovic-Markovic, M. (2013). An Aging Workforce: Employment Opportunities and Obstacles. Cadmus.

Riggs, K.E., (2005). Granny @ work, aging and new technology on the job in America. New York: Routledge.

Robson, S.M., Hansson, R.O., Abalos, A., Booth, M. (2006 ). Successful Aging: Criteria for Aging Well in the Workplace. Journal of Career Development. Vol. 33 no. 2 156-177.

Russell, M.M. (2007 ). The Other Side of 55: Older Worker Preparation for Reemployment. American Counselling Association.

Schellenberg, G.M., Turcotte, M., and Ram, B. (2005). “Post-retirement employment.” Perspectives on Labour and Income 6 (9). Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-011-X.

Schirle, T. (2010). “Health, pensions, and the retirement decision: Evidence from Canada.” Canadian Journal on Aging 29 (4): 519-527.

Schirle, T. (2008). “ Why have the labour force participation rates of older men increased since the mid-1990s? Journal of Labour Economics 26 (4): 549-594.

Schultze, G., Miller, C. (2004). “The search for meaning and career development.” Emerald 9.

Shultz, K.S., Adams, G.A. (2012 ). Aging and Work in the 21st Century. Psychology Press.

Singh, A.K., and Singh, A.P. (2010). Career Stage and Organizational Citizenship Behaviour among Indian Managers. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, vol. 36, no. 2, 268-275.

Slagter, F. (2007). “Knowledge management among the older workforce”. Journal of Knowledge Management. Vol. 11 Iss. 4 pp. 82-96.

Sloan-Seale, A., Kops, B. (2013). An Aging Workforce: A Manitoba Perspective. Canadian Journal of University Continuing Education, Vol 39, No. 1.

Smeaton, D., Vegeris, S. (2009a). Older People Inside and Outside the Labour Market: A review. EHRC.

Sterioti Hammeren, L. (2010). Employee Retention Study, The Study of Retaing Employees Nearing Retirement. Human Resource Management Services, A Division of the Office of Management and Budget State of North Dakota.

Stevens, R.H., (2010). Knowledge Management in a Multi-generational Workforce: Challenges and Opportunities Presented by Older Workers. Indian Journal of Economics & Business. Vol. 9 Issue 1, p. 219-232. 14p 2 Charts.

Strate, M.L. (2004). “Career development and older workers: A study evaluating adaptability in older workers using Hall’s model.” ERIC Number ED492289.

Sullivan, S.E., Forret, M.L., Carraher, S.M., Mainiero, L.A. (2009). “Using the kaleidoscope career model to examine generational differences in work attitudes.” Career Development International, Vol. 14 Iss. 3, pp 284-302.

Sullivan, D., von Wachter, T. (2007). Mortality, Mass-Layoffs, and Career Outcomes: An Analysis using Administrative Data. NBER Working Paper No. 13626.

Swan, P.A.L. (2010). Retaining older workers in local government: predictors influencing their retirement intentions. Thesis, Sydney Business School, University of Wollongong.

Taylor, P., Earl, C., and McLoughlin, C. (2016). Public Policy, Age Discrimination and Australian Older Workers: Solutions in Search of a Problem? Monash University.

Taskila, T., Shreeve, V., Laghini, M., Bevan, S. (2015). Living long, working well: Supporting older workers with health conditions to remain active at work. The Work Foundation.

Templer, A., Armstrong-Stassen, M., Cattaneo, J. (2010). “Antecedents of older workers’ motives for continuing to work. “ Career Development International, Vol. 15 Iss. 5, pp. 479-500.

TJOS, (2016). Businesses see older workers as most talented employees. TJOS.

Twenge, J.M., Campbell, S.M., Hoffman, B.J., Lance, C.E. (2010). Generational Differences in Work Values: Leisure and Extrinsic Values Increasing, Social and Intrinsic Values Decreasing. Journal of Management. Vol 36, no. 5.

Uriarte-Landa, J., and Hébert, B-P. (2009). “Work life balance of older workers.” Perspectives on Labour and Income 24 (3). Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-001-X.

Van Dalen, H.P., Henkens, K., Wang, M. (2014 ). Recharging or Retiring Older Workers? Uncovering the Age-Based Strategies of European Employees. The Gerontologist.

Van Dam, K., van der Vorst, J.D., van der Heijden, B.I.J.M. (2009). Employees’ Intentions to Retire Early A Case of Planned Behaviour and Anticipated Work Conditions. Sage Journals vol. 35 no. 3 265-289.

van der Heijden, B.I.J.M., Schalk, R., van Veldhoven, M.J.P.M. (2008). “Aging and careers: European research on long-term career development and early retirement.” Emerald 13.

van Veldhoven, M., Dorenbosch, L.. (2008). “Age, proactivity and career development.” Emerald 13.

Visser, M., Gesthuizen, M., Kraaykamp, G., and Wolbers, M.H.J. (2015). Inequality among Older Workers in the Netherlands: A Life Course and Social Stratification Perspective on Early Retirement. European Sociological Review, Vol. 32, No. 3, 370-382.

Von Bonsdorff, M.E., Vanhala, S., Seitsamo, J., Janhonen, M., & Husman, P. (2010). Employee well-being, early-retirement intentions, and company performance. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 52(12), 1255-1261.

Walsh, W.B., Savickas, M.L. (2005). Handbook of Vocational Psychology. Psychology Press.

Wang, M., Shultz, K.S. (2009). Employee Retirement: A Review and Recommendations for Future Investigation. Journal of Management vol. 36 no. 1 172-206.

Wannell, T. (2007). “Young pensioners.” Perspectives on Labour and Income 8 (2). Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-011-X.

Williams van Rooj, S. (2012 ). Training older workers: lessons learned, unlearned and relearned from the field of instructional design. Human Resource Management. 51: 281-298.

Wiltz, T. (2016). Beating the Brain Drain: States Focus on Retaining Older Workers. The PEW Charitable Trusts.

Wood, G., Wilkinson, A., Harcourt, M. (2008). Age discrimination and working life: Perspectives and contestations – a review of the contemporary literature. International Journal of Management Reviews, 10: 425-442.

Wrenn, K.A., Maurer, T.J. (2006). Beliefs about Older Workers’ Learning and Development Behavior in Relation to Beliefs about Malleability of Skills, Age-related Decline and Control. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. Volume 34, Issue 2, pages 223-242.

Yoemans, L. (2011 ). An update of the literature on age and employment. Health and Safety Executive.

Zikic, J., Richardson, J. (2007). Unlocking the careers of business professionals following job loss: sense-making and career exploration of older workers. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, Volume 24, Issue 1, pages 58-73.

Znidarsic, J. (2012). Continuous Education of Older Employees: Cost or Benefit. Clute Institute International Conference.