Planting the Seed of Career Exploration in Middle School Students

Providing young people with the tools and knowledge to decide for their future

By Monica Edwards

As a child, many of us remember being asked, “What do you want to be when you grow up?” While always posed with the best of intentions, this question has proven to be both confusing and stressful for young people. Often it pressures them into making a decision about their future before they have the skills or knowledge to properly do so. The answer that children might provide to this question can also have a lasting impact on how they see themselves.

Career decisions, especially those made at a young age, are often based on what the individual perceives as acceptable by his/her family and peers. The majority of children are also only aware of the occupations held by their parents, family members, friends, and the professionals that the child may encounter in everyday life. If youth are being asked to make decisions about their careers with this limited exposure, their options from which to choose are going to be relatively restricted.

 

A lack of opportunities for career exploration early on

A recent study reported that 39% of millennials are choosing a career based on what they view on television,1 undoubtedly resulting in disappointment for many when they realize the unrealistic portrayal of these occupations. So the question becomes, if children have not had the opportunity to be exposed to a wide range of occupations, along with accurate information about those careers, how can we ask them to make such a significant decision?

Some may respond to this question with the view that children will change their minds about their career many times throughout their youth, and being asked this question is simply part of growing up. However, we know today that children as young as 12 “have a strong sense of their personal futures. »2 More so than ever before, today’s children will have a plethora of job choices available to them, many of which do not presently exist, and the sky won’t even be the limit. New research and developing technology will require the next generation to be some of the most innovative and creative thinkers in history. Considering the uncertainty of the future job market, we must ensure that our young people are prepared.

The middle school years (typically grades 4 to 8, though this varies across Canada) are a crucial period when students can benefit greatly from career exploration activities, self-awareness exercises and learning career planning and goal-setting skills. Career decisions are built over time, with the middle school years creating the optimal opportunity to help students develop an awareness of who they are, their unique strengths and weaknesses, what they enjoy, and equally important, what they do not enjoy. Building a vocabulary in these areas, and becoming able to clearly identify and communicate their own personal characteristics, is a skill that many young people are lacking.

While most Canadian high schools often deliver some form of career guidance for their students, middle schools across the country usually do not provide the same services. Whether it is due to a lack of funding, or being unaware of the importance of this topic, it is uncommon to find career-related programming at this grade level.

At a significant period of emotional development and intellectual growth, middle school students become aware of the world around them. This is also the period when students can become disengaged in their studies and, at this very delicate fork in the road, students must realize that what they are learning in school today will carry forward into the world of work later in life. Enabling young people to connect both the soft skills that they are developing and the curriculum that they are studying to a future of prosperity can have a lasting impact on their school experience.

 

Implementing career-related activities is crucial

When considering the implementation of a middle school career program, a school or school jurisdiction should not feel overwhelmed with the idea of developing a full-fledged, comprehensive program. While this would provide the ultimate benefit to students, as a relatively new concept for schools, it is likely unrealistic. To begin small, and allow the idea to percolate and develop will be more sustainable and, in the long term, will have a greater impact on students.

Simple ideas such as hosting career days, inviting students to dress up as different occupations and present them to their class, welcoming guest speakers to discuss their careers – all of these activities begin to plant the seed of curiosity and exploration for young people. The ultimate goal is not to coach these children towards choosing a career, but to help them develop a sense of self-awareness, and an appreciation for the career possibilities that the world has to offer them.

There are a multitude of resources available for teachers and school personnel to use when considering a program, many of them free or relatively inexpensive. My Blueprint Educational Planner offers two online career development and self-awareness programs. All About Me is their program specific to elementary and middle school students. Career Cruising (rebranding as Xello) is another online tool that provides a comprehensive system designed for students beginning in kindergarten all the way through high school. Many provinces throughout Canada also have free resources available to residents, providing a wealth of information in the area of career development.

No matter in what capacity a school is able to begin providing career development programming to their middle school students, the importance of doing so is undeniable. Success comes when preparation meets opportunity. Our young people want to be prepared and deserve to be successful, and now is the time to provide them with the opportunity.

A CERIC-funded research report has shown that grade is significant for career exploration
with Grade 5/6 students scoring significantly higher on career planning, interest and curiosity.

Career Trek, in partnership with the University of Winnipeg and the University of Manitoba, conducted the two-year study that involved 500 students in grades 3 to12 from four school districts in Manitoba. The purpose of the project was to examine how children’s career interests change through adolescence and the factors that affect their interests, such as parents. The research identifies how career exploration interventions can meet student needs in a developmentally appropriate manner. Learn more at ceric.ca/lifelong

AUTHOR BIO

Monica Edwards has more than 10 years of experience in the field of career development, focusing primarily on youth. She is a Career Coach with High Prairie School Division in northern Alberta and is also a member of the Alberta Career Development Association. Edwards has a diploma in Business Administration from Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT), a Bachelor of Management from Athabasca University, and is working towards her Certified Career Development Practitioner designation.

 

REFERENCES

1 Cruse, Toby. « Almost 40% of Millennials are choosing their careers based on TV”, 2017. Retrieved from https://palife.co.uk/news/almost-40-millennials-choosing-careers-based-tv/

2 Phys Org. “Today’s children decide on their school and career path early”, 2009 Retrieved from http://www.phys.org/news/2009-11-today-children-school-career-path.html

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Career Briefs

Career development for young children

It is widely recognized that the roots of career development begin early in a young person’s life but, in practice, career development in childhood is often downplayed. The Early Years: Career Development for Young Children Guides – one for Parents and one for Educators – are the result of new Memorial University research examining the influence that teachers and parents/guardians have on the career development process of children, aged 3 to 8.

The CERIC-funded research outlines how through play young children explore their environment, learn to problem solve, make decisions, and adjust to change. From a young age, children envision themselves in possible roles for their future. During these formative years, children are influenced by family, school and media – and need to be supported in their career development, according to researchers Dr Mildred Cahill and Dr Edith Furey.

The guides seek to empower educators and parents to become more aware of children’s career development during this critical period of fun and fantasy. They provide practical tips, activities and examples to be used in daily interactions with children.

Download the guides for free: ceric.ca/early_educators and ceric.ca/early_parents. Or contact sales@ceric.ca for bulk orders.

 

Most popular degrees not where the jobs are

The most popular college and university programs are business, administration and law – but the biggest labour market opportunities are in engineering and information technology, says a new OECD report on education.

Aligned with trends in 30+ other developed nations only 29% of Canadian post-secondary students are taking business and law, and about 11% engineering, manufacturing and construction.

While overall, university graduates still have much higher employment rates and earn more, engineering and information and computer technology sectors have the highest employment rates, according to the 2017 Education at a Glance report.

View the full report: oecd.org.

 

Meeting the career needs of newcomer and refugee students

A new University of Winnipeg report examines how career development can make school more meaningful for newcomer and refugee youth. The report provides details of a three-year CERIC-supported research program led by Dr Jan Stewart that investigated schools and communities in Calgary, Winnipeg and St John’s. It contains recommendations for creating culturally responsive career development programs that address the unique needs of children who may be experiencing the effects of trauma, interrupted learning and acquiring a new language.

The research findings are intended to prepare counsellors and teachers who provide student career development, and to help create stronger networks between community partners, universities, organizations and schools throughout Canada. The major output of the research will be a curriculum guide entitled Bridging Two Worlds: Culturally Responsive Career Development Programs and Services to Meet the Needs of Newcomer and Refugee Children in Canada: A Guide to Curriculum Integration and Implementation.

Read the full report: ceric.ca/twoworlds.

 

Canada Career Month 2017: What’s Next?

In November 2017, Canadians across the country will come together to advance the agenda on connections to the labour force. This initiative of the Canadian Council for Career Development (3D) offers an opportunity for a national celebration of meaningful work and a discussion of “What’s Next.”

At a time when traditional career paths are being challenged, technology is disrupting traditional industries, and segments of the population like millennials and baby boomers are making challenging transitions, Canada Career Month will host a national conversation about the future of employment in our country.

Learn how you can get involved: careermonth.ca.

 

What is the state of ‘seniorpreneurship’ in Canada?

A new CERIC-funded research study led by the Sheridan Centre for Elder Research will investigate the experiences, needs and interests of individuals who have either launched or would like to start their own business after age 50. With the country’s demographic shift to an aging workforce well underway, increasing numbers of older Canadians are turning to entrepreneurship.

In 2011, an estimated five million Canadians were 65+; that number is expected to double to reach 10.4 million by 2036. By 2051, about one in four Canadians is expected to be 65+. A 2012 CIBC study found that individuals 50+ made up the fastest growing age group for start-ups in Canada, accounting for approximately 30% of the total number of start-ups in the country.

While the number of older adults starting their own businesses grows, very little is known about them and what kind of career guidance and support they require. Under the direction of Pat Spadafora, this research project, “A Study on the Status of Senior Entrepreneurship in Canada: Training Implications for Career Counsellors,” will seek to address the knowledge gap. Findings are expected in early 2018.

Learn more: ceric.ca/seniorpreneur.

 

CanCode program to develop digital skills of Canadian youth

The federal government announced that it will spend $50 million over the next two years with a goal of providing 500,000 young Canadians from kindergarten to grade 12 with the coding and digital skills they need for the well-paying jobs of the future.

The program also aims to encourage more young women, Indigenous Canadians and other under-represented groups to pursue careers in science, technology, engineering and math. In addition, it seeks to equip 500 teachers across the country with the training and tools to teach digital skills and coding.

Further details: ised.gc.ca.

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Hot Links: Generation Next: Pitfalls, Promise and Potential

Education and Employability: Can We Close the Gap?

Released in August 2017, the CIBC report provides recommendation regarding how post-secondary institutions could improve in helping graduates getting the right set of skills to succeed in the labour market.

economics.cibccm.com

 

A Spotlight on Youth: How Does Canada Compare?

The number of young people who are not in employment, education or training (NEETs) remains elevated in many countries; the report examines the characteristics of those at risk of being NEET along with policies to help meet the challenge.

oecd.org

 

Millennials and Financial Literacy: A Global Perspective

Conducted by The George Washington University School of Business’ Global Financial Literacy
Excellence Center and released in May 2017, this report sheds light on the relationship between millennials and money.

gflec.org

 

Young People & Non-Profit Work

Released in May 2017 and published by Imagine Canada, this study examines the early career experiences of young non-profit workers in Ontario and provides significant insight into young people’s

experiences obtaining employment in non-profit organizations.

imaginecanada.ca

 

Career Pathways: Five Ways to Connect College and Careers

Published by Georgetown University’s Center on Education and the Workforce, this report looks at the connection between learning and earning and provides recommendations on the ways we could improve the school-to-work transition.

cew.georgetown.edu

 

Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC) Reference Framework for Successful Student Transitions

The CMEC Reference Framework provides a brief review of the context surrounding student transitions in Canada and articulates a scope, vision, guiding principles, goals, and outcome statements based on proven policies and practices from across Canada and around the world.

cmec.ca

 

13 Ways to Modernize Youth Employment in Canada

Published by Employment and Social Development Canada, this Final Report from the Expert Panel on Youth Employment provides recommendations to improve how youth are prepared for, and transition to, the new labour market.

canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/corporate/youth-expert-panel/

 

Canadian Millennials Social Values Study Webinar Series

This series of three webinars recorded in April 2017 explores research on Canadian Millennials Social Values, led by the Environics Institute for Survey Research. Episodes explore millenials’ diverse social values, their career and life aspirations, and their views on political and civic engagement.

contactpoint.ca/listing/recording-slides-canadian-millennials-social-values-study-webinar-series-episode-1-2-3/

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Female Entrepreneurs: Fear of Failure and the Restorative Role of Resilience

Helping female entrepreneurs requires an understanding of their unique experiences

By Lori Padley-Lee

 

Women in Canada are choosing self-employment in record numbers. In 2015 there were over one million self-employed women in Canada, and at last count these women had contributed nearly $150 billion dollars to our economy. Yet while the number of women entrepreneurs is growing at twice the rate of men, this group’s sense of anxiety is also surpassing that of their male counterparts. According to Babson College’s 2012 Global Entrepreneur Monitor, fear of failure is a major concern of women who start their own businesses, spurred in part by lower perceptions of their entrepreneurial abilities than their more confident male peers. The questions for the career practitioner, then, are what is contributing to this fear of failure, and how can we help our female clients reach their entrepreneurial potential?

Fear, of course, can be healthy. It’s fear that keeps us from chasing balls into traffic and petting growling dogs. But fear can also be a detriment, clouding our perceptions of reality and blinding us to our own potential, if we let it. As any career counsellor is aware, fear of failure is often a major factor in a client’s inaction, either in terms of finding a new career or seeking advancement in their current one. For women stepping out into the unknown territory of business ownership, the fear of failure can be especially paralyzing. Why? Because a woman often faces societal barriers that can heighten her sense of being “not good enough”, discouraging her long before she hangs the “Open for Business” sign on her door.

The challenges are many, and this list is not comprehensive. The problem of money is paramount. Several studies cite women’s difficulties in securing loans from banks due to assumed financial incompetency (banks in the studies wanted to see hard numbers as an indicator of probable success, and reacted negatively towards women’s slow-but-steady, relationship-driven approach to growth). Women also struggle with building a support network. If the world of entrepreneurialism seems a “boy’s club” to some, not knowing where (or how) to access female mentorship is partly to blame. Advice, networking, even just “tea and sympathy” from someone who’s been there can make a significant difference in a female entrepreneur’s success and emotional well-being.  Finally, in talking about barriers that lead to fear of failure, we cannot discount the impact of a woman’s work-life balance. In a society that still views women as the primary caregivers of children and keepers of the home, women entrepreneurs who also happen to be parents face additional hurdles. Finding time both for raising children and cultivating a new business is undeniably stressful even with support systems, and in the age of “mommy wars” many self-employed women feel the strain of being judged from both sides.  Stretched thin, they fear failing as businesswomen and failing as mothers.

Fortunately, career counsellors can help women mitigate these clients’ fears of failure. Women embarking on entrepreneurship are often embarking on a career transition unlike any they’ve made before. One of the theories we turn to when helping clients tackle transitions is that of resilience. Nurturing resilience is largely achieved “by placing an emphasis on the already realized positive capacities of [the] individual.” Successful entrepreneurialism is highly dependent on qualities such as creativity, determination, people skills, and the ability to multi-task. The list goes on and on. What better way to alleviate the fear of failure than by helping a female entrepreneur to appreciate the relevant qualities she already has?

When we strive to build resilience in our clients we strive to make them adaptable to change, prepared to overcome challenges and open to creating and finding opportunities for learning and growth. Part of this journey typically includes goal-setting, an essential component of launching a business. Setting attainable, realistic goals helps people feel in control of their situation (Think about a time when you were feeling overwhelmed and you created a to-do list. How satisfying was it to put a checkmark next to each item as you completed it, no matter how small?) From the initial business idea to signing contracts on the dotted line, a woman’s entrepreneurial journey is comprised of many steps. We need to help clients feel they’ve got all their bases covered and can handle each step as it comes along. Empowering women with the resources to draft a successful business plan, to access information about her customer demographics, and to understand her obligations as an employer – these are just some the puzzle pieces that, when put together, can give our clients a clear sense of their own preparedness and competency.

Resilient clients – rather than wait for success to find them – get out and make things happen, even when obstacles make it seem impossible to move forward.  Anyone with entrepreneurial dreams already has that go-getter element to their personality, but for a client fearing failure, the ability to cultivate opportunities can easily get lost in self-doubt. We can help by fostering optimism, self-esteem, intrinsic motivation, and self-efficacy. One strategy to achieve this is narrative therapy, with clients telling us their stories and reflecting upon the successes and dreams that have led them to self-employment goals. Ultimately, this approach can help to re-awaken their belief in themselves and their own potential.

Resilient female entrepreneurs will have more confidence to effectively sell their business ideas to prospective investors, to actively seek out likeminded peers and mentors for support, and to unapologetically balance work and family and ask for help when needed. Slowly, some of the barriers that these women face are being eroded by progressive financial institutions that have taken strides to support them, and by a growing movement towards more equitable approaches to parenting and homemaking. There’s still a long way to go, but in the meantime we can help make the entrepreneurial path a much easier one for women to follow.

 

AUTHOR BIO

Lori Padley-Lee is currently enrolled in the Career Development Practitioner program at Conestoga College. She has worked as an educator, marketing writer and editor, and is interested in assisting disadvantaged youth and adults with job skills development and self-marketing to help them reach their career potential.

REFERENCES

Beckton, Clare and Janice McDonald (January, 2016). “A Force to Reckon With: Women, Entrepreneurship and Risk”. Retrieved July 16, 2016, from http://static1.squarespace.com/static/536948c6e4b001654189fa95/t/572895e97c65e4dbdad4a79e/1462277611091/A_Force_To_Reckon_With_3.30.16.pdf

Flavelle, Dana (May 3, 2016). “Women Entrepreneurs Embrace Risk Differently: Report Procedures”. The Toronto Star. Retrieved June 1, 2016 from: https://www.thestar.com/business/2016/05/03/women-entrepreneurs-embrace-risk-differently-report.html

Mielach, David (July 31, 2013). “Failure Tops Women’s List of Startup Fears”. Business News Daily. Retrieved July 10, 2016  from: http://www.businessnewsdaily.com/4844-women-entrepreneur-globe.html

VanBreda, Adrian DuPlessis. “Resilience Theory: A Literature Review (2001)”. Retrieved July 18, 2016 from http://www.adrian.vanbreda.org/resilience.htm

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Obvious and Unexpected: The Benefits of Volunteering for Youth

Research shows that volunteering helps improve employability and acts as a route to employment – among other positive outcomes

By Melanie Hientz

 

Weeding an organic farm in Costa Rica with a machete. Fertilizing the soil with cow dung. Eating dinner on a mountaintop with strangers from around the world.

All things I never thought I’d experience – and all of which took place on a single volunteer trip after graduating high school almost 15 years ago.

At the time, I thought the whole thing was just an amazing experience in a neat place. So I was amused when I found myself drawing on that story in a job interview – with Volunteer Canada.

Those days in rural South America had more of an impact on me than I had thought.

 

Why would a young person volunteer in the first place?

In 2010, Volunteer Canada undertook a pan-Canadian study, Bridging the Gap: Enriching the Volunteer Experience to Build a Better Future for Our Communities.[i] I helped co-ordinate the research component of the study, and guide the roll-out of a series of subsequent Building the Bridge tools for volunteers and volunteer-involving organizations. Bridging the Gap explored the key motivations for volunteering among a number of Canadian cohorts, including youth. It revealed what Canadians are looking for in a volunteer experience today, and how organizations are engaging volunteers. The findings? There are a number of reasons why young people volunteer: professional, social and personal in nature.

The professional benefits are likely obvious to you – young people can improve their skills, network, maybe even make connections with an organization, or in an area, where they could one day work.

The social benefits are also deep and impactful. People become close with one another by going through things together – and volunteer experiences can be some of the best shared experiences, full of challenges and successes. Plus, it can grant you access to worlds you might never otherwise see.

The personal benefits, meanwhile, are some of the most profound – and often overlooked. A young person can really learn about themselves, and figure out what they want – and don’t want – out of life, by taking on volunteer opportunities. It builds character. It shows you your strengths and weaknesses.

A national study in England found that youth volunteered for reasons that were altruistic first, then instrumental, in this order: to help someone in their community; to learn new skills; to respond to their needs or skills; to help gain experience to benefit their future career.[ii]

It makes sense that a lot of young people would volunteer simply because it helps later in life with job security and networking – but it has a ream of other hidden benefits too.

 

Have a dream job in mind? Start today

A relative of mine took business administration in undergrad and went on to start a landscaping business with a friend. A couple of years earlier, during university, he had become curious about firefighting – a childhood dream of his – so he signed on as a volunteer firefighter. Today, he’s 10 years into an amazing career with a fire department near Vancouver.

Studies have even shown that volunteering contributes to feelings of great confidence in youth, making them feel more employable. Plus, employers have highlighted that volunteering is looked upon favourably on a CV, and that positive work ethic such as self-motivation is modelled in employees that have volunteered.[iii] An American study recently tracked 70,000 jobless people for 10 years (between 2002 and 2012), and found that those who volunteered had a 27% better chance of finding a job than those that didn’t.[iv] There is considerable other research showing that volunteering helps improve employability and acts as a route to employment.

Literature also shows that the effects of volunteering on gaining employment vary according to a number of factors (demographics, frequency of engagement, duration of unemployment, motivations for volunteering and the type of volunteer role), many of which have a combined effect.[v] In other words, it is not a clear link to employment. However, several studies suggest that volunteering does, in the long term, contribute to “individual employability” factors, as it can enhance knowledge and skills, build work attitudes and confidence, and improve mental and physical health and well-being.[vi]

 

Plus, Canadians are good volunteers

We’re polite and friendly, sure, but did you know Canadians are also some of the most engaged volunteers in the world? In 2013, more than 12.7 million Canadians volunteered – that’s 44% of the entire population. The federal government’s 2013 General Social Survey – Giving, Volunteering and Participating found that Canadian youth stand apart, volunteering more than any other age group at 53% of Canadians aged 15-24 volunteering.[vii]

That said, in many of these studies – as is the case with most academic research – context matters. Canadian youth have the highest volunteer rate among cohorts, for instance, while British youth (aged 16 to 25) volunteer less than most other age groups.[viii] Why? In Canada, there is a requirement in some school districts to perform community service to graduate from high school. The same Canadian youth also had a below average contribution of annual volunteer hours (126, compared to the national average of 154).[ix] Mandatory volunteering in high school might partially explain this coupling of high youth volunteer rates and low hours contributed.

So we’re not off the hook quite yet…

 

Altruism lives!

In the end, the benefits of volunteering are as diverse as the motivations that get youth involved in the first place.

But let’s consider one last thought: it’s more than fine if young people’s decision to volunteer has nothing to do with them. Our modern society – educated and advanced as it is – is plagued with social justice issues, problems so complex that it’s nearly impossible for the public and non-profit sectors to solve them alone. The environmental crisis, mental health challenges, addiction, homelessness – the list goes on. The world needs volunteers.

In fact, research has found a positive relationship between youth volunteering and increased civic engagement later in life.[x] Volunteering influences peoples’ development, not just their experience. Volunteers are getting out to vote, engaged in community service and contributing to building strong communities.

Another research review of student volunteers highlighted the more frequently a person volunteered, the more likely they were to perceive altruistic motivations and benefits. In other words, the more someone is engaged in volunteering, the greater the impact they feel on personal and social levels.[xi]

Youth may find their reason to volunteer is simply to help people, give their time to something positive and meaningful, or make the world a better place. But they shouldn’t be surprised if they end up helping themselves in the process, too.

I started volunteering because I thought it would be fun – a cool way to meet some interesting people and learn new things. As it turns out, it fundamentally shaped my career path. And today, I’m working at a university I once dreamed of attending, working on projects I believe are making real, important social change – and the future looks just as bright.

 

AUTHOR BIO

Melanie Hientz is the CHEQ/EDI Implementation Lead at the Human Early Learning Partnership, a collaborative, interdisciplinary research unit based at the University of British Columbia. She has worked in research and evaluation in poverty reduction, and as manager of special projects at Volunteer Canada. Hientz has Master in Geography and Environmental Studies from Carleton University.

 

REFERENCES

Collamer, N. (2013). “Proof that volunteering pays off for job hunters”. Retrieved August 21, 2017 from Forbes www.forbes.com/sites/nextavenue/2013/06/24/proof-that-volunteering-pays-off-for-job-hunters/#6cc613a9753a

Corden, A, Sainsbury, R, 2005. “Volunteering for employment skills: A qualitative research study”, York: Social Policy Research Unit, University of York.

Hart, D., Atkins, R., & Donnelly, T. M. (2006). “Community service and moral development”. In M. Killen & J. Smetana (Eds.), Handbook of moral development (pp. 633-656).

Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum; Metz, E., McLellan, J., & Youniss, J. (2003). “Types of voluntary service and adolescents’ civic development”. Journal of Adolescent Research, 18, 188-203.

Holdsworth, C. (2010). Student volunteers: A national profile. London: Volunteering England/Institute of Volunteering Research

Kamerade, D and Paine, A. (2014). Volunteering and employability: implications for policy and practice. Voluntary Sector Review Vol. 5, no 2, 264-5.

McQuaid, RW, Lindsay, C, 2005. “The concept of employability”, Urban Studies 42, 2, 197–219.

Nichols, G, Ralston, R, 2011. “Social inclusion through volunteering: the legacy potential of the 2012 Olympic Games”, Sociology: The Journal of the British Sociological Association 45, 5, 900–14 in Kamerade, D and Paine, A. (2014).

Paine, Angela, et al. (2013). “Does volunteering improve employability? Evidence from the British Household Panel Survey”. Third Sector Research Centre. Retrieved August 21, 2017 from www.birmingham.ac.uk/generic/tsrc/documents/tsrc/working-papers/working-paper-100.pdf

Smith, et. al (2010). “Motivations and Benefits of Student Volunteering: Comparing Regular, Occasional, and Non-Volunteers in Five Countries”. Canadian Journal of Nonprofit and Social Economy Research. Vol.1, no.1. 77.

Spera, Chris, et al. (2013). Volunteering as a pathway to employment. Corporation for National and Community Service. Retrieved August 21, 2017 from www.nationalservice.gov/sites/default/files/upload/employment_research_report.pdf

“The 2013 General Social Survey – Giving, Volunteering and Participating (GSS GVP)”. Table 119-0009. Retrieved August 21, 2017 from www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a26;jsessionid=0BA6843B97CF3D31D2B6F99EAC2542E8?lang=eng&retrLang=eng&id=1190009&tabMode=dataTable&p1=-1&p2=31&srchLan=-1

Volunteer Canada (2010). “Bridging the Gap: Enriching the Volunteer Experience to Build a Better Future for Our Communities”. Retrieved August 21, 2017 from volunteer.ca/btg

 

 

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10 Questions for Louisa Jewell

Louisa Jewell is a speaker, author, and well-being expert who has inspired thousands of people from around the world to flourish with confidence. Jewell is the founder of the Canadian Positive Psychology Association and a graduate of the Master of Applied Positive Psychology program at University of Pennsylvania. She is the author of the new book, Wire Your Brain for Confidence: The Science of Conquering Self-Doubt, which guides you from fear to courage and puts you on the fast track to flourishing in every area of your life. To download the first chapter of her book for free, visit: louisajewell.com/wireyourbrainforconfidence

1. In one sentence, describe why career development matters.

Being able to go to work every day, and make a good living doing what you love, is the absolute best gift you can give to yourself.

 

2. Which book are you reading right now?

Behave by Robert Sapolsky. Sapolsky, Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery at Stanford University, demystifies human behaviour in his own brilliant and often hilarious way. Absolutely fascinating.

 

3. What do you do to relax?

I do either one hour of hot yoga every day or CrossFit. I also love to walk the dog in a nearby forest which always relaxes me and a trip to the farmer’s market on the weekend is wonderful.

 

4. Name one thing you wouldn’t be able to work without?

Wi-Fi! I find I always need to access something from the cloud.

 

5. What activity do you usually turn to when procrastinating?

These days, it’s watching Suits on Netflix. I never get sick of watching Harvey do his thing.

 

6. What song do you listen to for inspiration?

“September” by Earth Wind and Fire. I find it just makes me happy and gets me dancing!

 

7. Which word do you overuse?

Okay.

 

8. Who would you like to work with most?

Brad Pitt, and I would pretty well do any job he had available (just kidding). In all seriousness, I would love to work with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and find a way to introduce positive psychology-based resilience programs to assist our Indigenous communities who are really struggling with mental health issues.

 

9. Which talent or superpower would you like to have?

I would like to have Wonder Woman’s lasso of truth. It would make life so much easier if people would just tell me honestly what they think. I think I would get a lot more done! I also think dating would be easier too.

 

10. What do you consider your greatest achievement?

Writing my book, Wire Your Brain for Confidence: The Science of Conquering Self-Doubt. I have been a speaker for a long time and I thought writing would come easily, but it was harder than I thought. Now that it has launched, it feels like such an amazing accomplishment. It was a lifelong goal.

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Poor Children Donation

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EN SAVOIR PLUS
Non classifié(e)

Poor Children Donation

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincid unt ut laoreet dolore. Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tation ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis autem vel eum iriure dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit augue duis dolore te feugait nulla facilisi.

EN SAVOIR PLUS
Non classifié(e)

Creative Green Solutions

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EN SAVOIR PLUS